Tom Scott
Tom Scott
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Hi, I'm Tom Scott. These are some of the things I've made and done. They'll probably come back to haunt me in a few years' time.
Contact me: www.tomscott.com/contact/
• • •
This channel is a production of Pad 26 Limited, registered in England and Wales, № 11662641.
Registered office: Amelia House, Crescent Road, Worthing, West Sussex, BN11 1QR
(This address is for legal documents only; other mail will not be forwarded.)

Video
The Tiny Monorails That Once Carried James Bond
The Tiny Monorails That Once Carried James Bond
29 dager siden
The Roadmachines Mono-Rail may have been the only truly useful, fit-for-purpose monorail in the world. Of the hundreds that were built, most were never meant for passengers. But they did carry a couple of famous people in their time, including a certain secret agent... Thank you to the staff and volunteers at the Amberley Museum - Harry and Gerry in particular - for running the monorail specially, and letting me film! The Amberley Museum is a massive industrial heritage museum in the South Downs, and you can find out more about them here: www.amberleymuseum.co.uk/ There are lots more videos of Amberley's rail vehicles at the volunteers' channel here: noburn.info/post/MHTdXU7cfBdNBzdVkgaIrQ.html My research is heavily based on David Voice's "Mono-Rail: The History of the Industrial Monorails Made By Road Machines Ltd., Metalair Ltd and Rail Machines Ltd", ISBN 1874422877, available from Adam Gordon Books: www.ahgbooks.com/index.php/product/mono-rail/ Thanks to Derry Faux-Nightingale for the initial idea! The Tanat Valley Railway in Nantmawr is the home for the Richard Morris collection, more than seventy surviving Roadmachines Mono-Rails: www.tanatvalleyrailway.co.uk/monorail Also a helpful resource: www.irsociety.co.uk/Archives/16/Monorail.htm I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Would You Swim In Power Plant Wastewater?
Would You Swim In Power Plant Wastewater?
Måned siden
Normally, the answer would be no. But in these very limited circumstances, at Iceland's Blue Lagoon, you can swim in geothermal power plant wastewater, and it's even healthy: although the marketing material doesn't usually mention it. Here's a story about geothermal energy, cheap heat, and how to keep some ducks warm. Sources: www.c40.org/case_studies/the-worlds-largest-geothermal-heating-system-saves-up-to-4m-tons-co2-annually www.verkis.com/projects/utilities/water-supply-systems/nr/982 nea.is/geothermal/direct-utilization/heat-pumps/ icelandmag.is/article/nine-fascinating-facts-about-geothermal-energy-and-reykjavik askjaenergy.com/iceland-renewable-energy-sources/geothermal-different-utilization/ nautholsvik.is/en/ perlan.is/about-perlan/ www.epa.gov/coalash/coal-ash-basics Research on Blue Lagoon and a skin condition: doi.org/10.1016/S0738-081X(96)00099-5 Filmed safely: www.tomscott.com/safe/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
1,204,986 Votes Decided: What Is The Best Thing?
1,204,986 Votes Decided: What Is The Best Thing?
24 dager siden
Sometimes, you regret asking a question. • Win your Ultimate Tech Bundle by entering Fasthosts’ Techie Test here: www.fasthosts.co.uk/tomscott Thanks to Graham Haerther for the main audio mix, and for recovering the terrible sound in my echo-filled flat! (For the folks asking: I'm not planning to release the ranked list -- partly because "ranked list of major world religions" sounds like the sort of thing that'll cause trouble, and partly because I can't guarantee there aren't some other nasty things still in the list. Apologies!) 00:00 Introduction 00:38 Every Thing 04:35 How To Rank Everything 05:45 What Is The Best Thing? I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
DISCONNECTED: The Champion of Champions Grand Final
DISCONNECTED: The Champion of Champions Grand Final
Måned siden
The three players who've already won come back to the tower for one final battle. One of them will leave the Champion of Champions: and two will be Disconnected. AD: White Light provided the SmartStage studio facilities and crew! You can find out more about their technology here: tinyurl.com/y7dxo2gz And disguise connected up all the (virtual) moving parts! Learn more about the latest disguise xR solution: web.disguise.one/xrtech 📶📶📶📶📶📶 ALEC: noburn.info ELLEN: noburn.info and noburn.info VANESSA: noburn.info 📶📶📶📶📶📶 Host: Tom Scott Question Producer: David Bodycombe Set Designer: Mat Hill Format: Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 For White Light: Andy Hook Harry Greenfield Alex Loftie For disguise: Peter Kirkup Lead Camera: Luis Quiterio White Light Technical Crew: Fraser Carr-Gomm Sirus Fernandes Joseph Lock Composer: Benjamin Squires Editor: Michelle Martin A Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 Production © Pad 26 Limited MMXX pad26.com www.labyrinthgames.com/ 📶📶📶📶📶📶 I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Swimming Between Two Continents, Debunked
Swimming Between Two Continents, Debunked
Måned siden
Silfra, in Þingvellir National Park in Iceland, is where the Eurasian and North American continental plates are dividing. It's a crack in the earth where you can snorkel or dive between the continents. Well, sort of. As ever, it's a bit more complicated than that. Þingvellir geology: www.thingvellir.is/en/history-nature/nature/geologic-history/ notendur.hi.is/oi/geology_of_thingvellir.htm Þingvellir history: www.thingvellir.is/en/history-nature/history/ An interoduction to divergent plate boundaries: geology.com/nsta/divergent-plate-boundaries.shtml Articles mentioned: www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/dive-between-two-continental-plates-iceland-180957983/ www.bbc.com/travel/story/20140617-swim-between-two-tectonic-plates www.businessinsider.com/scuba-diving-between-two-continents-2015-12?r=UK Filmed safely: www.tomscott.com/safe/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
DISCONNECTED with Vanessa from Braincraft, Kati Morton and Jarvis Johnson
DISCONNECTED with Vanessa from Braincraft, Kati Morton and Jarvis Johnson
Måned siden
Vanessa, Kati and Jarvis are the final three players on the broadcast tower, playing a quiz where if you bluff well enough, you don't even need to know the answers. AD: White Light provided the SmartStage studio facilities and crew! You can find out more about their technology here: tinyurl.com/y7dxo2gz And disguise connected up all the (virtual) moving parts! Learn more about the latest disguise xR solution: web.disguise.one/xrtech 📶📶📶📶📶📶 VANESSA: noburn.info KATI: noburn.info JARVIS: noburn.info 📶📶📶📶📶📶 Host: Tom Scott Question Producer: David Bodycombe Set Designer: Mat Hill Format: Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 For White Light: Andy Hook Harry Greenfield Alex Loftie For disguise: Peter Kirkup Lead Camera: Luis Quiterio White Light Technical Crew: Fraser Carr-Gomm Sirus Fernandes Joseph Lock Composer: Benjamin Squires Editor: Michelle Martin A Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 Production © Pad 26 Limited MMXX pad26.com www.labyrinthgames.com/ 📶📶📶📶📶📶 I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Which Is "Bouba", and Which Is "Kiki"?
Which Is "Bouba", and Which Is "Kiki"?
Måned siden
Sooner or later, I was going to get around to this: it's one of the most famous experiments in linguistics. • Written with Molly Ruhl and Gretchen McCulloch. Gretchen's podcast has an episode all about this: lingthusiasm.com/post/175127434871/lingthusiasm-episode-21-what-words-sound-spiky Gretchen's book BECAUSE INTERNET, all about the evolution of internet language, is available: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) Graphics by William Marler: wmad.co.uk Audio mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net REFERENCES: Köhler, W. (1929). Gestalt Psychology. New York: Liveright. Ramachandran, V. S., Hubbard, E. M. (2001) Synaesthesia-A window into perception, thought and language. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8: 3-34. Berlin, B. (1994). Evidence for pervasive synesthetic sound symbolism in ethnozoological nomenclature. In L. Hinton, J. Nichols & J. Ohala (Eds.), Sound symbolism (pp. 76 - 93). New York: Cambridge University Press. Davis, R. (1961). The fitness of names to drawings. a cross-cultural study in Tanganyika. Br. J. Psychol. 52, 259-268. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1961.tb00788.x, Ramachandran, V. S., and Hubbard, E. M. (2001). Synaesthesia-a window into perception, thought and language. J. Conscious. Stud. 8, 3-34., Koriat, A., & Levy, I. (1979). Figural symbolism in Chinese ideographs. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 8 (4), 353 - 365. Maurer, D., Pathman, T., Mondloch, C.J. (2006). The shape of boubas: sound-shape correspondences in toddlers and adults. Developmental science, Vol.9 (3), p.316-322, Nielsen, A., and Rendall, D. (2011). The sound of round: evaluating the sound-symbolic role of consonants in the classic Takete-Maluma phenomenon. Can. J. Exp. Psychol. 65, 115-124. doi: 10.1037/a0022268, Bremner, A. J., Caparos, S., Davidoff, J., de Fockert, J., Linnell, K. J., and Spence, C. (2013). “Bouba” and “Kiki” in Namibia? A remote culture make similar shape-sound matches, but different shape-taste matches to Westerners. Cognition 126, 165-172. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2012.09.007 De Saussure, F. (2011, republished from 1916). Course in general linguistics. Columbia University Press. Styles, S.J., & Gawne, L. (2017). When Does Maluma/Takete Fail? Two Key Failures and a Meta-Analysis Suggest That Phonology and Phonotactics Matter. I-Perception, 8(4), 2041669517724807. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
DISCONNECTED with Alec of Technology Connections, Sally Le Page, and Arun from mrwhosetheboss
DISCONNECTED with Alec of Technology Connections, Sally Le Page, and Arun from mrwhosetheboss
Måned siden
Alec, Sally and Arun join me at the top of the virtual tower for a game where it doesn't matter if you're wrong... as long as no-one calls you on it. AD: White Light provided the SmartStage studio facilities and crew! You can find out more about their technology here: tinyurl.com/y7dxo2gz And disguise connected up all the (virtual) moving parts! Learn more about the latest disguise xR solution: web.disguise.one/xrtech 📶📶📶📶📶📶 ALEC: noburn.info SALLY: noburn.info ARUN: noburn.info 📶📶📶📶📶📶 Host: Tom Scott Question Producer: David Bodycombe Set Designer: Mat Hill Format: Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 For White Light: Andy Hook Harry Greenfield Alex Loftie For disguise: Peter Kirkup Lead Camera: Luis Quiterio White Light Technical Crew: Fraser Carr-Gomm Sirus Fernandes Joseph Lock Composer: Benjamin Squires Editor: Michelle Martin A Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 Production © Pad 26 Limited MMXX pad26.com www.labyrinthgames.com/ 📶📶📶📶📶📶 I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Is The Most Northern Part Of Iceland Still There?
Is The Most Northern Part Of Iceland Still There?
Måned siden
Kolbeinsey is the most northern part of Iceland, a tiny island that, according to Wikipedia, is due to disappear due to wave erosion "probably around the year 2020". Which raised an obvious question: is it still there? THANKS TO: This video was inspired by some tweets from author Sam Hughes. You can follow him on Twitter here: twitter.com/qntm and read his work here: qntm.org/fiction The pilots and team at Norlandair, who sorted out a charter at very short notice: www.norlandair.is/ The folks at the Hafdals Hotel, who were okay with me filming from their spectacular view! FILMED SAFELY: see www.tomscott.com/safe/ PHOTO CREDITS: Grimsey photos, in order, all licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 license, creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Michael Pollak, "basaltsäulen": www.flickr.com/photos/michaelpollak/30409397618/ John Lester, "IMG_0546": www.flickr.com/photos/pathfinderlinden/190514442/ Brian Gratwicke, "Puffin on Grimsey": www.flickr.com/photos/briangratwicke/14809239484/ Michael Pollak, "marker": www.flickr.com/photos/michaelpollak/29340290367/ All photos of Kolbeinsey in 1989 and 2001 are copyright Guðmundur St. Valdimarsson, and used with permission and thanks. Photos from 2013 are copyright of Landhelgisgæsla Íslands (the Icelandic Coast Guard), and used with permission and thanks. And the "so I chartered a plane" gag is very heavily inspired by Matt Parker's video about stroboscopic helicopter blades: noburn.info/id/video/mIfKeJ1qgYOEfXY.html SOURCES and FURTHER READING: Sæmundsson and Hjartarson (1989), "Geology and Erosion of Kolbeinsey North of Iceland", wayback.vefsafn.is/wayback/20061115000423/www.isor.is/~ah/kolbeinsey/kolb_ensk.html Jacobsen, T., & Stone, I. (2006). Kolbeinsey: Iceland's Arctic island. Polar Record, 42(2), 167-169. doi: 10.1017/s0032247406215298 From Landhelgisgæsla Íslands (the Icelandic Coast Guard): www.lhg.is/frettir-og-fjolmidlar/frettasafn/frettayfirlit/nr/212 www.lhg.is/frettir-og-fjolmidlar/frettasafn/frettayfirlit/nr/1652 www.lhg.is/frettir-og-fjolmidlar/frettasafn/frettayfirlit/nr/2564 www.lhg.is/frettir-og-fjolmidlar/frettasafn/frettayfirlit/nr/2611 The Cod Wars, from the UK National Archives: www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/cabinetpapers/themes/cod-wars.htm And of course, the Wikipedia article for Kolbeinsey, which will presumably be updated shortly after this video goes live. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolbeinsey I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
DISCONNECTED with Jaiden Animations, Ellen Rose and Hank Green
DISCONNECTED with Jaiden Animations, Ellen Rose and Hank Green
Måned siden
I invited Jaiden, Ellen and Hank to play a trivia quiz! The sort of quiz where you can get away with wrong answers... if nobody spots them. And since they couldn't be there in person, I've got a massive virtual set. Too many wrong answers, and our players will be Disconnected. AD: White Light provided the SmartStage studio facilities and crew! You can find out more about their technology here: tinyurl.com/y7dxo2gz And disguise connected up all the (virtual) moving parts! Learn more about the latest disguise xR solution: web.disguise.one/xrtech 📶📶📶📶📶📶 JAIDEN: noburn.info ELLEN: noburn.info and noburn.info HANK: noburn.info 📶📶📶📶📶📶 Host: Tom Scott Question Producer: David Bodycombe Set Designer: Mat Hill Format: Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 For White Light: Andy Hook Harry Greenfield Alex Loftie For disguise: Peter Kirkup Lead Camera: Luis Quiterio White Light Technical Crew: Fraser Carr-Gomm Sirus Fernandes Joseph Lock Composer: Benjamin Squires Editor: Michelle Martin A Labyrinth Games / Pad 26 Production © Pad 26 Limited MMXX pad26.com www.labyrinthgames.com/ 📶📶📶📶📶📶 I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Part Of Britain That Rises And Falls Twice A Day
The Part Of Britain That Rises And Falls Twice A Day
2 måneder siden
Cornwall rises and falls by a few centimetres, twice a day. I didn't believe that when I read it. In this video: "ocean tide loading": why, how, and does it actually matter? Thanks to Prof. Peter Clarke, who is a professor of geodesy, not geodisy. Apologies for the typo! www.staff.ncl.ac.uk/peter.clarke/ References: Francis and Mazzega (1990), "Global charts of ocean tide loading effects": doi.org/10.1029/JC095iC07p11411 Allinson, Clarke, et al (2004), "Stability of direct GPS estimates of ocean tide loading": doi.org/10.1029/2004GL020588 Edited by Michelle Martin Research assistance from David Fletcher I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why You Should Turn On Two Factor Authentication
Why You Should Turn On Two Factor Authentication
2 måneder siden
The short answer is: "because it'll make things more secure". The long answer involves Ronald Reagan. • MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ • Camera by Tomek • Graphics by William Marler wmad.co.uk Filmed at the Centre for Computing History, Cambridge: www.computinghistory.org.uk/ Their current fundraiser: www.justgiving.com/campaign/computermuseum Image of Dr Corbató courtesy MIT CSAIL, used with permission. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
For 21 Years, No-One In Britain Knew How Long An Inch Was
For 21 Years, No-One In Britain Knew How Long An Inch Was
2 måneder siden
In 1834, Parliament burned down, and the Standards of Measurement were melted or destroyed. So when there's no agreed-upon standard for length: how do you fix it? Also: how you can still publicly check the length of your sandwich. Filmed safely: www.tomscott.com/safe/ There's a correction to this video: the fraction on screen at 00:49 should be 1/299792458. Looks like I copied and pasted an extra 1 and didn't realise it. Apologies. You can see all the corrections for this channel at www.tomscott.com/corrections/ Story research by Jess Jewell SOURCES: Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Consider the Steps to Be Taken for Restoration of the Standards of Weight and Measure, 1841, books.google.co.uk/books?id=4xVSAAAAcAAJ A Collection of the General Public Statutes, 1855, books.google.co.uk/books?id=UDCaqwCgBKcC I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Village That The Luftwaffe Bombed By Mistake
The Village That The Luftwaffe Bombed By Mistake
4 måneder siden
Linby is a small village in Nottinghamshire, England. It wouldn't have much strategic value... unless some commander didn't read their map properly. Here's a local legend, with a few questions about it. Edited by Michelle Martin twitter.com/mrsmmartin Story research by David Fletcher Thanks to historian Maureen Newton, to this transcription of the HO 203 National Archives database: www.warstateandsociety.com/Bombing-Britain - and to the British Newspaper Archive: www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/ Filmed safely: see www.tomscott.com/safe/ for details I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
A Million Dollars vs A Billion Dollars, Visualized: A Road Trip
A Million Dollars vs A Billion Dollars, Visualized: A Road Trip
3 måneder siden
There are lots of ways to compare a million to a billion, but most of them use volume. And I think that's a mistake, because volume just isn't something the human brain is great at. So instead, here's the difference between a million and a billion, in a more one-dimensional way: distance. REFERENCES: Humphrey Yang's rice TikTok: www.tiktok.com/@humphreytalks/video/6798276393634467077 and his NOburn channel: noburn.info The Corridor Crew billion video: noburn.info/id/video/2pa5k5pkoYh8iGk.html FAQ: Q: Is this accurate? A: Yes. The GPS track on the GoPro wasn't great, though, so the walking sections had to be manually smoothed out. For the main car drive, I relied on a backup GPS tracker taking a sample every 1 second. That data was loaded into an After Effects expression, set to $1 per 0.1093mm. If it couldn't pick up a GPS reading (for example, in the Chestfield Tunnel), it waited until signal returned and then calculated an average speed for the gap. There was one correction: during a stop next to a large lorry, the GPS lost tracking and wandered about 50m in a random pattern while the car was completely at a halt. Those errors were removed. Q: Why is this in 50fps? A: The electricity grid in the UK runs at 50Hz, which means that you can get strobing effects from lighting. Normally that wouldn't matter on something filmed outside, and I'd go with 60fps, but I didn't want to risk full-screen strobing in the tunnel section. (You do still see strobing on some variable message signs, but that's for different technical reasons.) As 24/25fps feels too slow and jerky for a continuous dashcam shot, this was the best option. Q: Why did you do this with American dollars in the UK? A: The Bank of England doesn't produce a £1 note. The smallest paper money we have is £5. (The Royal Bank of Scotland, and the banks of some of the Channel Islands, do though!) And while it would have been apt to do this along desert roads in California, sometimes you've got to make do with what's available. Q: What was that "oops" about a minute into the drive? A: I nearly turned left one junction too soon, which would have sent me to a closed barrier and ruined the take. Q: Why do you change lanes so much? A: In the UK, the "correct" thing to do is to always switch to the leftmost possible lane after overtaking on a motorway, unless there's another car you'll have to overtake soon or you're approaching a slip road. This means you have to change lanes a lot more than in many other countries. Source: www.rac.co.uk/drive/advice/driving-advice/middle-lane-hogging/ Q: You pass a van on the left at one point. Is that legal? A: Deliberately passing on the left ("undertaking") in the UK is considered dangerous driving on non-motorways and in free-flowing motorway traffic. However, in congestion when traffic is slowed down, keeping up with traffic in your lane is fine. Source: www.askthe.police.uk/content/Q891.htm Q: What do those white signs with a black stripe mean? A: "National speed limit applies". On dual carriageways ("divided highways"), that means 70mph; on other roads, it's lower. Alas, it does not mean "no speed limit" like it does on the German autobahn. Q: What does the signs with the white C in a red circle mean? A: Those are reminders about the Dart Charge, the £2.50 toll for crossing the Thames at Dartford. Q: How many attempts did this take? A: Three. Attempt one was ruined by the time of day: I was travelling east in the morning -- so all the camera could see was glare from the sun and the dashboard reflected in the windscreen. Attempt two was ruined by the camera overheating shortly after the Dartford Crossing. (That's why this is in 2.7k, not 4k, and why you can hear wind noise from the air conditioning blowing over the camera to keep it cool.) Q: How can this be an FAQ when you wrote it before the video went live? A: In this case, "FAQ" stands for "Fully Anticipated Questions". Q: What's your route? 00:00 Introduction 02:14 Leaving Dagenham 06:03 A13 Eastbound 12:43 Mar Dyke Interchange 14:26 A282 16:07 Queen Elizabeth II Bridge 20:50 A2 Eastbound 30:16 M2 Eastbound 53:36 Thanet Way Eastbound 1:08:09 A28 towards Margate 1:12:09 Local roads towards Margate 1:14:39 Ah good, the sea 1:17:29 Conclusion I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Abandoned Hill With Two Members Of Parliament
The Abandoned Hill With Two Members Of Parliament
3 måneder siden
Old Sarum, in Wiltshire, is a now-desolate hillfort run by English Heritage. But it was once one of the most important sites in southern England: so important that it had two members of Parliament. Then, it became a "rotten borough": and a warning about power. Thanks to English Heritage: more information and how to visit: www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/old-sarum/ Research and script assistance from Jess Jewell Drone camera by Jamie Bellinger Edited by Michelle Martin: twitter.com/mrsmmartin Audio mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net Filmed safely, following all local and national guidance: www.tomscott.com/safe/ SOURCES: Corfield, P. (2000). Power and the professions in Britain 1700-1850. London: Routledge. Dodsworth, W. (1814). An historical description of the cathedral church of Salisbury : including an account of the monuments, chiefly extracted from Gough's "Sepulchral Monuments," and other authentic documents : also, biographical memoirs of the Bishops of Salisbury, from the earliest period by W. Dodsworth, verger of the Cathedral English Heritage's own research page: www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/old-sarum/history/research/ www.historyhome.co.uk/c-eight/constitu/parlrep.htm I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why You Can Spot Bad Green Screen
Why You Can Spot Bad Green Screen
3 måneder siden
Green screen looks terrible sometimes. Here's why. • Get access to CuriosityStream, including Nebula and my original series, for just $2.99/month here: curiositystream.com/tomscott Animated by William Marler: wmad.co.uk Sound mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
I Asked 64,182 People About “Jingle Bells, Batman Smells”. Here's What I Found Out.
I Asked 64,182 People About “Jingle Bells, Batman Smells”. Here's What I Found Out.
3 måneder siden
Thanks to Jack from Jacksfilms on piano: noburn.info • And thanks to everyone who answered! Sources and a data download are in the description. History sources: www.cracked.com/blog/the-secret-true-history-jingle-bells-batman-smells/ www.cbr.com/jingle-bells-batman-smells-secret-origin/ Data spreadsheet link: docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1bVUdszCBsWn5ez9FPFCioirdyNeZu3ctvNYShExpTQo Audio mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The World's First Internet Bench
The World's First Internet Bench
3 måneder siden
In the Abbey Gardens of Bury St Edmunds, in a quiet corner of a park, sits the World's First Internet Bench. Well, sort of. It's been nearly twenty years, and it's arguable whether it ever did the job in the first place... Edited by Michelle Martin, twitter.com/mrsmmartin SOURCES: news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/1475654.stm www.theregister.com/2001/08/10/vandals_and_phreakers_plague_msn/ Archive images courtesy Andrew Parsons / PA Archive / PA Images, used under license. Filmed safely: see www.tomscott.com/safe/ for details I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
How England's Oldest Road Was Nearly Lost Forever
How England's Oldest Road Was Nearly Lost Forever
3 måneder siden
The Icknield Way, in south-east England, is a road and footpath that's been part of the landscape for millennia. But if parts of it hadn't been legally marked down, then those parts would have become private land, gone forever. Who has the right to walk where? The Ramblers' Don't Lose Your Way project: www.ramblers.org.uk/dontloseyourway/ - and the crowdfunding page for the project : www.gofundme.com/f/don039t-lose-your-way "Stories of landowners": John Andrews' "From A Wild Frontier to the Promised Land", which is worth a read: www.craddocks.co.uk/pannageman/suffolkpaths.pdf Filmed safely: see www.tomscott.com/safe/ for details Edited by Michelle Martin: twitter.com/mrsmmartin I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Worst Typo I Ever Made
The Worst Typo I Ever Made
4 måneder siden
When 'undo' won't do. • Sponsored by Dashlane, the password manager. Get a 30-day free trial at www.dashlane.com/tomscott • MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Graphics by William Marler wmad.co.uk Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Ə: The Most Common Vowel in English
Ə: The Most Common Vowel in English
4 måneder siden
"Schwa" is the most common vowel in English. Every English speaker uses it, all the time, but most people have never heard of it. • Written with Molly Ruhl and Gretchen McCulloch. Gretchen's podcast Lingthusiasm is at lingthusiasm.com/ Gretchen's book BECAUSE INTERNET, all about the evolution of internet language, is available: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) Graphics by William Marler: wmad.co.uk Audio mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net REFERENCES: Trask, R. (1997). A student's dictionary of language and linguistics. London : New York: Arnold ; Distributed by St. Martin's Press. Lacabex, E., & Gallardo-del-Puerto, F. (2018). Explicit phonetic instruction vs. implicit attention to native exposure: phonological awareness of English schwa in CLIL, International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching (published online ahead of print). I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why Some "Remastered" Music Videos Look Awful
Why Some "Remastered" Music Videos Look Awful
4 måneder siden
This isn't "the way they were meant to be seen". • Join CuriosityStream, including access to Nebula and my original series, for only $2.99/month here: curiositystream.com/tomscott When NOburn allowed music labels to "remaster" their original uploads, different videos had very different approaches. Some are in crystal-clear 4K; others are very definitely not. Here's why some of them look terrible. Animation by William Marler: wmad.co.uk Sound mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Are There Problems That Computers Can't Solve?
Are There Problems That Computers Can't Solve?
5 måneder siden
All about Hilbert's Decision Problem, Turing's solution, and a machine that vanishes in a puff of logic. MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Graphics by William Marler wmad.co.uk Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Hidden Rules of Conversation
The Hidden Rules of Conversation
5 måneder siden
Gricean Maxims are a vital part of how we understand each other: a set of... well, maybe "rules" is a bit strong. They're guidelines that we follow without realising it. And it's the reason that "asbestos-free cereal" sounds suspicious. Written with Molly Ruhl and Gretchen McCulloch. Gretchen's podcast Lingthusiasm is at lingthusiasm.com/ Gretchen's book BECAUSE INTERNET, all about the evolution of internet language, is available: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) Graphics by William Marler: wmad.co.uk Audio mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net REFERENCES: Munroe, R. (2009). "Free". xkcd.com/641/ Grice, H.P. (1975). "Logic and Conversation," Syntax and Semantics, vol.3 edited by P. Cole and J. Morgan, Academic Press. Reprinted as ch.2 of Grice 1989, 22-40. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why This British Crossroads Is So Dangerous
Why This British Crossroads Is So Dangerous
5 måneder siden
Ipley Cross, in the middle of the New Forest, is one of the most dangerous road junctions in Britain. Why? • Thanks to Bez, whoever you are: their definitive article on this junction is here: singletrackworld.com/2018/01/collision-course-why-this-type-of-road-junction-will-keep-killing-cyclists/ Edited by Michelle Martin twitter.com/mrsmmartin Graphics by Mat Hill mat-hill.com ADDITIONAL SOURCES: www.advertiserandtimes.co.uk/ipley-crossroads-campaign The UK government's Traffic Signs Manual, chapter 6, 15.18.2 I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why You Can't Name A File CON In Windows
Why You Can't Name A File CON In Windows
5 måneder siden
The short answer is "backwards compatibility". The long answer is... well, it's the rest of this video. MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Graphics by William Marler wmad.co.uk Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Abso-b████y-lutely: Expletive Infixation
Abso-b████y-lutely: Expletive Infixation
5 måneder siden
There are rules in the English language that you've probably never been taught, but you know anyway: how to split apart words with "infixes". But you've never been taught it because some of those infixes are words you probably shouldn't use in front of your high school English teachers... Written with Molly Ruhl and Gretchen McCulloch. Gretchen's podcast Lingthusiasm is at lingthusiasm.com/ - and there are two bonus episodes, #1 and #13, on the podcast Patreon about exactly this! Gretchen's book BECAUSE INTERNET, all about the evolution of internet language, is available: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) Graphics by William Marler: wmad.co.uk Audio mix by Graham Haerther: haerther.net REFERENCES: IPSOS Mori / Ofcom (2016). Attitudes to potentially offensive language and gestures on TV and radio. www.ofcom.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0023/91625/OfcomQRG-AOC.pdf [PDF] Vittrant, A., Watkins, J., & Matisoff, J. (2018). The mainland southeast Asia linguistic area. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter GmbHMouton. Ringe, D. (2006). From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic. Oxford: OUP Oxford.Ljung, M. (2011). Swearing: A cross-cultural linguistic study. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Ljung, M. (2011). Swearing: A cross-cultural linguistic study. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York: Palgrave Macmillan. McCawley, J. D., & Zwicky, A. M. (1992). Studies Out in Left Field: Defamatory Essays Presented to James D. McCawley on the Occasion of His 33rd or 34th Birthday. John Benjamins Publishing Co. McMillan, J. (1980). Infixing and Interposing in English. American Speech, 55(3), 163-183 Zwicky, A., & Pullum, G. (1987). Plain Morphology and Expressive Morphology. Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 13, 330. Aronoff, M. (1976). Word formation in generative grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. McCarthy, J. (1982). Prosodic structure and Expletive Infixation. Language, 58(3), 574. McMillan, J. (1980). Infixing and Interposing in English. American Speech, 55(3), 163-183 Zwicky, A., & Pullum, G. (1987). Plain Morphology and Expressive Morphology. Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 13, 330. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
This Video Has 23,723,417 Views
This Video Has 23,723,417 Views
6 måneder siden
The title of this video should change with the times. But nothing lasts forever: here's the story of how I made it work, why it used to be easier to make that work, and how it all ties in to the White Cliffs of Dover and the end of the universe. Edited by Michelle Martin: twitter.com/mrsmmartin Includes an accelerated section of "Traduction automatique des flux d'information (Yahoo Pipes IV)" by Laurent Moccozet, which is licensed under CC-by: noburn.info/id/video/n6GXoNyogK9vmYo.html - the remainder of this video does not fall under that license. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why Dark Video Is A Terrible Blocky Mess
Why Dark Video Is A Terrible Blocky Mess
6 måneder siden
Dark scenes in television, NOburn, and streaming platforms all look pixelated and blocky. Here's why. Animation by William Marler: wmad.co.uk I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
YouTube's Copyright System Isn't Broken. The World's Is.
YouTube's Copyright System Isn't Broken. The World's Is.
6 måneder siden
No copyright infringement intended. | Watch Money, my new Nebula Original series, when you join CuriosityStream for only $2.99/month: curiositystream.com/tomscott WRITTEN BY: Tom Scott SCRIPT ASSISTANT: Andrea Marks CAMERA: Jamie Drew CAMERA: Joe Stone AUDIO MIX: Graham Haerther EDITOR: Isla McTear CAPTIONS: Caption+ WITH THANKS TO: 1901 Arts Club The Camera Museum, Soho Evan Edinger The Lexi Cinema, Kensal Green Mandy Celine Oliver Thorn Tim Bunn LEGAL CAMEOS: Leonard French noburn.info Devin Stone noburn.info QUASI-LEGAL CAMEO: Jay Foreman noburn.info MINECRAFT SEQUENCE: Joel "Smallishbeans" noburn.info MUSIC Epidemic Sound Canon in D solo piano recording courtesy of ProstoRecords and Envato Market Canon in D rock recording courtesy of Kora3000 and Envato Market STOCK PHOTOGRAPHY Images used under license from shutterstock.com PRODUCER Reb Day © Pad 26 Limited MMXX Chapters 0:00 Introduction 1:09 Chapter 1: The Mess We're In 10:08 Chapter 2: No Copyright Infringement Intended 22:18 Chapter 3: Content ID 28:21 Chapter 4: Where Do We Go From Here 39:00 Trailer and Sponsorship 40:07 Credits and Outtakes tomscott.com twitter.com/tomscott instagram.com/tomscottgo
Inside The Billion-Euro Nuclear Reactor That Was Never Switched On
Inside The Billion-Euro Nuclear Reactor That Was Never Switched On
6 måneder siden
Zwentendorf Nuclear Power Plant, in Austria, was ready to go: it just needed starting up. But that never happened, and forty years later, it still sits mothballed. Here's why. Thanks to all the EVN team: you can find information on tours (in German) here: www.zwentendorf.com/ - and about EVN here: www.evn.at/EVN-Group/Energie-Zukunft/EVN-Fuhrungsangebot/Zwentendorf.aspx Camera by Matt Gray: noburn.info Edited by Michelle Martin: twitter.com/mrsmmartin I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why You Can't Buy Dasani Water in Britain
Why You Can't Buy Dasani Water in Britain
8 måneder siden
Coca-Cola's brand of bottled water, Dasani, was a flop in the UK after the public realised it was just filtered tap water. But the story's a bit more complicated than it might seem. | Drinking Dasani with Ashens: noburn.info/id/video/yWq5mcehp36SgX4.html Thanks to Sally Le Page on camera! noburn.info/post/9AUeAvdEVJfyS9rd9pvp8g.html I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Stopping A Laser Beam In Mid-Air
Stopping A Laser Beam In Mid-Air
8 måneder siden
Lasers travel at the speed of light. You can't stop one in mid-air like Kylo Ren. Except: we just did. Here's how. • Seb's video: noburn.info/id/video/no2yf7OWqKNofJw.html • seblee.me/ Lasers by Seb Lee-Delisle, assisted by Abby Shum Camera by Matt Gray noburn.info Edited by Michelle Martin twitter.com/mrsmmartin Graphics by William Marler wmad.co.uk I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Country Where All Public Transit Is Free
The Country Where All Public Transit Is Free
7 måneder siden
From March 1st 2020, Luxembourg will have free public transit throughout the country: you'll be able to travel on buses, trains, trams, and that one funicular railway without a ticket. It sounds like a good idea: but is it? Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Thanks to Leonard French at Lawful Masses for holding the camera out on the Casemates: noburn.info/post/hBJtu4BhT8b8t9Qe9R-EZg.html I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Sentences Computers Can't Understand, But Humans Can
The Sentences Computers Can't Understand, But Humans Can
8 måneder siden
The Winograd schema is a language test for intelligent computers. So far, they're not doing well. MORE LANGUAGE FILES: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLDEnHuhD7CTZES3KXFnwm0 Written with Gretchen McCulloch and Molly Ruhl. Gretchen's podcast Lingthusiasm is at lingthusiasm.com/ - and Gretchen's new book, BECAUSE INTERNET, is available: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) REFERENCES: Levesque, H.J., Davis, E., and Morgenstern, L. (2011). The winograd schema challenge. In AAAI Spring Symposium: Logical Formalizations of Commonsense Reasoning. Trask, R. (1993). A dictionary of grammatical terms in linguistics. London ; New York: Routledge. (page 233) Winograd, T. (1972). Understanding natural language. Cognitive Psychology, 3(1), 1-191. (page 33) Hunston, S. (2002). Corpora in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Jurafsky, D., & Martin, J. (2009). Speech and language processing: An introduction to natural language processing, computational linguistics, and speech recognition (2nd ed., Prentice Hall series in artificial intelligence). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Gray, M. & Suri, S. (2019) Ghost work. Boston, M.A.: HMH Books. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why The Dutch Headwind Cycling Championships Are Difficult And Amazing
Why The Dutch Headwind Cycling Championships Are Difficult And Amazing
7 måneder siden
About once a year, on the Oosterscheldekering barrier in the south of the Netherlands, there is NK Tegenwindfietsen: a bicycle race cycling into a headwind. This year it was 120km/h: this is why it's so difficult, and also why it's so brilliant. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why TRUE + TRUE = 2: Data Types
Why TRUE + TRUE = 2: Data Types
8 måneder siden
INT, BOOLEAN, STRING and FLOAT: these are the things that data is made of. • Sponsored by Dashlane - for free on your first device @ www.dashlane.com/tomscott MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Directed by Tomek Graphics by Mooviemakers www.mooviemakers.co.uk/ Audio mix by Haerther Productions haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscott
The Bridge That's In Two Countries At The Same Time
The Bridge That's In Two Countries At The Same Time
8 måneder siden
Schengen is a small town in Luxembourg, on the borders with France and Germany. But one of those borders is a little more complicated: the Mosel (or Moselle) river is a condominium, it belongs to both countries at the same time. And thus, so the bridges above it. REFERENCES: I'm not 100% happy with the research in this video, because it was put together quickly and, through necessity of language, from English-speaking secondary sources. However, Frank Jacobs in the New York Times on condominiums, talks about the history of the treaties: opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/23/the-worlds-most-exclusive-condominium/ and that's confirmed by a reference in Freshwater Boundaries Revisited: Recent Developments in International River Law by María Querol, which quotes Bernhardt's Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Vol 111, p465. Interestingly, the borders on Google Maps, Bing Maps and OpenStreetMap all take different (and sometimes nonsensical) twists and turns, so I've chosen to illustrate the simplest example. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
How To Grow A Martian Salad On Earth
How To Grow A Martian Salad On Earth
9 måneder siden
Subscribe to Aspect Science! noburn.info/post/yi06SeKkiwoAzFVmQtDtfg.html or start with Tom's video on what would happen if a meteoroid hit an Apollo astronaut: noburn.info/id/video/0qCbmt6IlXGmqJw.html "12kg of Martian soil simulant" is a pretty good guest video pitch. This week, Tom from Aspect Science tries to grow a salad in Martian soil.
How Neurosurgeons Navigate Inside The Brain
How Neurosurgeons Navigate Inside The Brain
9 måneder siden
Go subscribe to Brainbook! noburn.info/post/nbPqck6c4yydPKVK0Faf6w.html or start with Alex's video on a day in the life of a neurosurgeon on call: noburn.info/id/video/noa7dsVymqisa4I.html The brain is a mass of neurons, but some areas are more important than others. How can surgeons navigate inside the brain? How do they know exactly where to operate, and what to do? Alex from Brainbook explains.
Why My Teenage Code Was Terrible: Sorting Algorithms and Big O Notation
Why My Teenage Code Was Terrible: Sorting Algorithms and Big O Notation
9 måneder siden
When I was a teenager, I wrote some terrible code. Here's why. • Sponsored by Dashlane - for free on your first device @ www.dashlane.com/tomscott MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Directed by Tomek Graphics by Mooviemakers www.mooviemakers.co.uk/ Audio mix by Haerther Productions haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscott
Why 2020 Started On December 30th
Why 2020 Started On December 30th
9 måneder siden
Weird calendar edge-cases and computer bugs. It's an old-school video. • The Fasthosts Techie Test competition is now closed! Learn more about Fasthosts here: www.fasthosts.co.uk/tomscott FURTHER READING: The ISO 8601 Standards for date and time: www.iso.org/iso-8601-date-and-time-format.html The tweet referenced in the video: twitter.com/_ninji/status/549365454322802688 The Guardian article mentioned: www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/29/twitter-2015-date-bug I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why Do We Move Our Hands When We Talk?
Why Do We Move Our Hands When We Talk?
9 måneder siden
Gestures are a really important part of language. But how do we use them, and why? MORE LANGUAGE FILES: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLDEnHuhD7CTZES3KXFnwm0 Written with Gretchen McCulloch and Molly Ruhl, with an assist from Lauren Gawne. Gretchen's podcast Lingthusiasm is at lingthusiasm.com/ - and Gretchen's new book, BECAUSE INTERNET, is available: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) REFERENCES: Kendon, A. (2004). Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bernard, J. A., B Millman, Z., & Mittal, V. A. (2015). Lederer, J. (2019). Gesturing the source domain: The role of co-speech gesture in the metaphorical models of gender transition. Metaphor and the Social World, 9(1), 32-58. Gawne, L. & McCulloch, G. (2019). Emoji as digital gestures. [email protected] 17(2). nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0009-7-48882 Kendon, A. (2004). Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lederer, J. (2019). Gesturing the source domain: The role of co-speech gesture in the metaphorical models of gender transition. Metaphor and the Social World, 9(1), 32-58. McNeill, D. Gesture: a Psycholinguistic Approach. Kendon, A. (2000). Language and gesture: Unity or duality? In D. McNeill (Ed.), Language and gesture: Window into thought and action (pp. 47-63). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kendon, A. (2004). Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Iverson, J., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (1998). Why people gesture when they speak. Nature, 396(6708), 228-228. McNeill, D. (1985). So you think gestures are nonverbal? Psychological Review, 92(3), 350-371. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why The World's Littlest Skyscraper Was A Massive Scam
Why The World's Littlest Skyscraper Was A Massive Scam
10 måneder siden
In Wichita Falls, Texas, the Newby-McMahon Building stands 480 inches tall. Not 480 feet: 480 inches. There's a story of a smooth-talking scammer that sounds almost too good to be true. But is it? Thanks to Jan and all the folks at Hello Again: helloagainwf.com - and to everyone at the Wichita Falls Library! Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why Electronic Voting Is Still A Bad Idea
Why Electronic Voting Is Still A Bad Idea
10 måneder siden
We still shouldn't be using electronic voting. Here's why. • Sponsored by Dashlane - for free on your first device @ www.dashlane.com/tomscott MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha REFERENCES: Computerphile video: noburn.info/id/video/3WfCYdxnn5l8pHo.html Stories about voter identification happening outside the law: www.theguardian.com/notesandqueries/query/0,,-1051,00.html Voting machines left connected to the internet: www.vice.com/en_us/article/3kxzk9/exclusive-critical-us-election-systems-have-been-left-exposed-online-despite-official-denials Hackers getting voting machines to play Doom: www.salon.com/2019/08/14/hackers-can-easily-break-into-voting-machines-used-across-the-u-s-play-doom-nirvana/ "Small, well-funded team backed by a national government": www.nytimes.com/2019/07/25/us/politics/russian-hacking-elections.html Scottish election: www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/jun/20/scotland.devolution and news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/6627657.stm - with the Excel detail on page 50 of www.openrightsgroup.org/wp-content/uploads/org_election_report.pdf?page=50 Report on e-voting in Estonia: estoniaevoting.org/ Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Directed by Tomek Graphics by Mooviemakers www.mooviemakers.co.uk/ Audio mix by Haerther Productions haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Can The Words You Read Change Your Behavior?
Can The Words You Read Change Your Behavior?
10 måneder siden
"Priming" is the idea that the words you read can change the way you act. And yes, there are papers that show an effect: but we also need to talk about the Replication Crisis. MORE LANGUAGE FILES: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLDEnHuhD7CTZES3KXFnwm0 Written with Gretchen McCulloch and Molly Ruhl. Gretchen can be found at lingthusiasm.com/ And Gretchen's new book, BECAUSE INTERNET, is available: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) REFERENCES: Kay, A. C., Laurin, K., Fitzsimons, G. M., Landau, M. J. (2014). A functional basis for structure-seeking: Exposure to structure promotes willingness to engage in motivated action. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 486-491. doi:10.1037/a0034462 Bargh JA, Chartrand TL. Studying the Mind in the Middle: A Practical Guide to Priming and Automaticity Research. In: Reis H, Judd C, editors. Handbook of Research Methods in Social Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2000. Klein, R. A., Vianello, M., Hasselman, F., Adams, B. G., Adams, R. B., Alper, S., … Nosek, B. A. (2018). Many Labs 2: Investigating Variation in Replicability Across Samples and Settings. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 1(4), 443-490. doi.org/10.1177/2515245918810225 Zaval, L., Keenan, E., Johnson, E., & Weber, E. (2014). How warm days increase belief in global warming. Nature Climate Change. 4. 10.1038/nclimate2093. Hoedemaker, R., & Gordon, P. (2014). It Takes Time to Prime: Semantic Priming in the Ocular Lexical Decision Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(6), 2179-2197. Heyman, T., Van Rensbergen, B., Storms, G., Hutchison, K., & De Deyne, S. (2015). The Influence of Working Memory Load on Semantic Priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41(3), 911-920. McNeill, D. (1985). So you think gestures are nonverbal? Psychological Review, 92(3), 350-371. Balota, D. A., & Lorch, R. F. (1986). Depth of automatic spreading activation: Mediated priming effects in pronunciation but not in lexical decision. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 12, 336 -345. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.12.3.336 de Groot, A. M. (1984). Primed lexical decision: Combined effects of the proportion of related prime-target pairs and the stimulus- onset asynchrony of prime and target. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A: Human Experimental Psychology, 36, 253-280. doi: 10.1080/14640748408402158 Forster, K. (1981). Priming and the effects of sentence and lexical contexts on naming time: Evidence for autonomous lexical processing. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A: Human Experimental Psychology, 33, 465- 495. doi:10.1080/14640748108400804 Hutchison, K. A., Balota, D. A., Cortese, M. J., & Watson, J. M. (2008). Predicting semantic priming at the item level. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2006), 61, 1036 -1066. doi:10.1080/ 17470210701438111 Keefe, D. E., & Neely, J. H. (1990). Semantic priming in the pronunciation task: The role of prospective prime-generated expectancies. Memory & Cognition, 18, 289 -298. doi:10.3758/BF03213882 McNamara, T. P. (2005). Semantic priming: Perspectives from memory and word recognition. New York, NY: Psychology Press. McNamara, T. P., & Altarriba, J. (1988). Depth of spreading activation revisited: Semantic mediated priming occurs in lexical decisions. Journal of Memory and Language, 27, 545-559. doi:10.1016/0749- 596X(88)90025-3 Neely, J. H. (1977). Semantic priming and retrieval from lexical memory: Roles of inhibitionless spreading activation and limited-capacity attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 106, 226 -254. doi:10.1037/0096-3445.106.3.226 Shelton, J. R., & Martin, R. C. (1992). How semantic is automatic semantic priming? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18, 1191-1210. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.18.6.1191 Klein, R. A., Vianello, M., Hasselman, F., Adams, B. G., Adams, R. B., Alper, S., … Nosek, B. A. (2018). Many Labs 2: Investigating Variation in Replicability Across Samples and Settings. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 1(4), 443-490. doi.org/10.1177/2515245918810225 Rosenthal R (1979). "File drawer problem and tolerance for null results". Psychol Bull. 86 (3): 638-41. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Is The World Running Out Of Helium?
Is The World Running Out Of Helium?
10 måneder siden
At the National Helium Reserve in Amarillo, Texas, the US government once stored 32 billion cubic feet of helium. There have been breathless news articles recently saying the world's running out: but it's still possible to buy party balloons. What's going on? More about the Federal Helium Program: www.blm.gov/programs/energy-and-minerals/helium/federal-helium-program Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why The Elevator Shaft Was Invented Before The Elevator
Why The Elevator Shaft Was Invented Before The Elevator
10 måneder siden
It sounds ridiculous, but it's true. At the Cooper Union Foundation Building in New York, there's the world's first elevator shaft: constructed four years before the safety elevator was invented. • Thanks to Prof. O'Donnell and all the team at the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art: you can find out more about the building here: cooper.edu/about/history/foundation-building Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
I Almost Learned To Fly In The World's Only Wingsuit Tunnel
I Almost Learned To Fly In The World's Only Wingsuit Tunnel
11 måneder siden
In Stockholm, there's a diagonal wind tunnel, used for one very specific purpose: learning to fly a wingsuit. I tried. I almost managed it. More about FlyLikeBrick: flylikebrick.com/ and the tunnel: indoorwingsuit.com/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
How The Netherlands Simulated The Sea Before Computers: The Waterloopbos
How The Netherlands Simulated The Sea Before Computers: The Waterloopbos
11 måneder siden
"Build some models" seems obvious: but this is a story of ingenuity, of using natural resources well, and of a country that humans dragged from the sea. More about Waterloopbos: in English: www.holland.com/global/tourism/destinations/provinces/flevoland/deltawerk-at-the-waterloopbos.htm in Dutch: www.natuurmonumenten.nl/natuurgebieden/waterloopbos Thanks to Dr Van Rijn and all the team at Waterloopbos, and to Lennert and Sander who both suggested this! Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
This Video Is Sponsored By ███ VPN
This Video Is Sponsored By ███ VPN
11 måneder siden
I tried to write a more honest VPN commercial. The sponsor wasn't happy about it. • Get ██ days of ███ VPN free at ██████.com/honest The ASA ruling I referenced: www.asa.org.uk/rulings/tefincom-sa-a19-547668.html I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Giant Art That Keeps Planes Quiet
The Giant Art That Keeps Planes Quiet
11 måneder siden
Next to Amsterdam Schiphol Airport is the Buitenschot Land Art Park, a giant set of ridges and furrows cut into the landscape. Yes, it's art: but it also stops some local residents from being exposed to jet noise. More about the park: www.schiphol.nl/en/schiphol-as-a-neighbour/page/landscape-design-plan-to-combat-noise-nuisance/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why Helsinki's Library Robots Aren't Important
Why Helsinki's Library Robots Aren't Important
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Oodi, the new Helsinki Library, has robots to help reshelve books. They get a lot of press attention. But they're not the important part of the library: here's why. Thanks to all the team at Oodi: www.oodihelsinki.fi/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) With thanks to librarian-NOburnr Peter Musser for script checking: m.noburn.info/post/37J30wHpQOtc1vzuN6OdDA.htmlvideos I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/Tom Scott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Self-Driving Race Car
The Self-Driving Race Car
11 måneder siden
I got an email asking if I wanted to be driven around the most famous racetrack in Britain by an autonomous racing car. I wasn't going to refuse that offer. More about Roborace: noburn.info Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Camera by Grant Stevens www.moonshineproductions.co.uk/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Inside The Tunnels That Will Store Nuclear Waste For 100,000 Years
Inside The Tunnels That Will Store Nuclear Waste For 100,000 Years
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Onkalo, on the Finnish island of Olkiluoto, is planned to be the first geologic storage facility for high-level nuclear waste: eventually sealed for 100,000 years. I got to see inside. Thanks to all the team from Olkiluoto, TVO and Posiva: you can find out more at www.posiva.fi/en/final_disposal/onkalo Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Audio mix by Haerther Productions haerther.net I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
What Counts As The World's Shortest River?
What Counts As The World's Shortest River?
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If you've been a subscriber for a while, you probably know where this one is going. Although you may still be surprised about where I ended up going... Montana's Giant Springs State Park, and Lake Sumiainen in Finland, have very short rivers. Finding the shortest in the world, though: that could be trickier. Sources: www.cntraveler.com/stories/2012-06-18/d-river-lincoln-city-oregon-ken-jennings-maphead and a lot of googling for various folk tales. Also, travelling to Finland. Here's the co-ordinates of the Finnish river: 62.6497 N, 26.0484E Thanks to Wren from Corridor Digital for the LA drone shot! twitter.com/sirwrender I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Toxic Pit With A $3 Admission Fee
The Toxic Pit With A $3 Admission Fee
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The Berkeley Pit, in Butte, Montana, was once the richest hill on Earth: the Anaconda Copper Mine. Now: it's not all that rich, and it's not much of a hill. Instead, it's a toxic pit filled with sulfuric acid. Thanks to the Montana Resources team: www.montanaresources.com/ REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING: "10,000 miles of tunnels": mtstandard.com/news/local/new-map-plots-butte-underground/article_f1de51e2-948f-5634-9aa0-87ad730d9cfd.html "35,000 people a year": www.travelandleisure.com/trip-ideas/toxic-montana-pit-tourist-attraction] Protective Water Level, and the details of the underground water that I didn't have time to go into: pitwatch.org/protective-water-level/ The first treated water being removed from the pit: www.mtpr.org/post/treated-water-begins-flowing-out-buttes-berkeley-pit Edited by Tom Fuller I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Only Bit Of Louisiana's Coast That Isn't Sinking
The Only Bit Of Louisiana's Coast That Isn't Sinking
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On a coastline that's steadily sinking under the waves, the Wax Lake Delta is rising: which is a wonderful thing for researchers.Historically, every time humans try and mess with the Mississippi, there have been unintended consequences: and even though we can now model it fairly well, there are still surprises. Thanks to Alex Kolker and all the team at LUMCON in Louisiana. Here's more about his research: lumcon.edu/2017/10/20/land-building-in-a-river-delta-can-help-reduce-carbon-dioxide-emissions/ And if your institution subscribes, the paper on carbon storage in the Wax Lake Delta that he worked on is in Nature here: www.nature.com/articles/ngeo3044 Other references and further reading: How humans sank New Orleans: How humans sank New Orleans: www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/02/how-humans-sank-new-orleans/552323/ Retiring place names: www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/02/24/us/jean-lafitte-floodwaters.html Levee wars: www.propublica.org/article/deregulate-federal-levees-section-408-permit-secretive-lobbying-effort Resettling the first American 'climate refugees': www.nytimes.com/2016/05/03/us/resettling-the-first-american-climate-refugees.html CREDITS: Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net Land and sea data and images from NOAA and NASA / Landsat, public domain Aerial imagery from Google Earth, used with permission I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Cash and Grab (with Bird Keeper Toby and Inés from Draw Curiosity)
Cash and Grab (with Bird Keeper Toby and Inés from Draw Curiosity)
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I'll say this about this week's Game Garage: we definitely had fun. Thanks to Toby: noburn.info and Inés: noburn.info ! Edited by Elliot Gough Audio mix by Graham Haerther Directed by Grant Stevens Produced by David Bodycombe and Tom Scott A Pad 26 / Labyrinth Games production I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Language Sounds That Could Exist, But Don't
The Language Sounds That Could Exist, But Don't
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The International Phonetic Alphabet: one sound for each symbol, and one symbol for each sound. Except for the sounds we can't make. Pull down the description for the references! MORE LANGUAGE FILES: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLDEnHuhD7CTZES3KXFnwm0 Written with Gretchen McCulloch and Molly Ruhl. Gretchen's new book, BECAUSE INTERNET, is available now: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) Gretchen can be found at lingthusiasm.com/ REFERENCES: Harbeck, J. (2009). Presented at the 30th annual Editors’ Association of Canada conference, Toronto, June 6, 2009. Algeo, J., & Pyles, T. (2004). The origins and development of the English language (5th ed.). Boston, Mass.: Thomson/Wadsworth. Nicolaidis, Katerina (2005). "Approval of new IPA sound: the labiodental flap". Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 35 (2): 261. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Checkpoint (with Ashens and the Polybius Heist crew)
Checkpoint (with Ashens and the Polybius Heist crew)
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This game turned out a lot more stressful than we thought it would. Thanks to ASHENS and the POLYBIUS HEIST crew, you can watch their first movie here: noburn.info/id/video/mYjJY6Wkj3mJbaQ.html and Ashens' channel here: noburn.info Edited by Elliot Gough Audio mix by Graham Haerther Directed by Grant Stevens Produced by David Bodycombe and Tom Scott A Pad 26 / Labyrinth Games production I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
I'm Not A Robot ✅
I'm Not A Robot ✅
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What those boxes are for, and why you might not have to click them soon. • Sponsored by Dashlane -try 30 days for free at: www.dashlane.com/tomscott MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Directed by Tomek Graphics by Mooviemakers www.mooviemakers.co.uk/ Audio mix by Haerther Productions haerther.net/ Thanks to Dashlane for sponsoring the video! If you're techie enough to watch this video, you should be using a password manager. Get a 30-day free trial at dashlane.com/tomscott I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Personal Best (with dodie, Sammy Paul, Daniel J Layton and Reb Day)
Personal Best (with dodie, Sammy Paul, Daniel J Layton and Reb Day)
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We're back! New games, same garage. Thanks to the crew from SOME LOVELY BOARD GAMES: noburn.info/id/video/q5rIdNRkXZeNb34.html Dodie: noburn.info Sammy Paul: noburn.info/post/78zXJFimlWORdNrBS5pqGw.html Daniel J Layton: noburn.info Reb Day: noburn.info/post/i7nf3Wb5HzFgfkKLgTqzpw.html Edited by Elliot Gough Audio mix by Graham Haerther Directed by Grant Stevens Produced by David Bodycombe and Tom Scott A Pad 26 / Labyrinth Games production I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Flying A Plane With Fireworks On The Wings
Flying A Plane With Fireworks On The Wings
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Aerosparx are a British aerobatics team that perform displays with fireworks attached to their wings. This is how they do it. More about Aerosparx: www.aerosparx.com/ Camera by Grant Stevens www.moonshineproductions.co.uk/ Ground display camera by Adam Landau Edited by Michelle Martin @mrsmmartin Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Two Generals’ Problem
The Two Generals’ Problem
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Time to tell a story about idempotency, computer science, and the Night of the Multiple Orders. • Sponsored by Dashlane -try 30 days for free at: www.dashlane.com/tomscott MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Directed by Tomek Graphics by Mooviemakers www.mooviemakers.co.uk/ Audio mix by Haerther Productions haerther.net/ Thanks to Dashlane for sponsoring the video! If you're techie enough to watch this video, you should be using a password manager. Get a 30-day free trial at dashlane.com/tomscott I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why “No Problem” Can Seem Rude: Phatic Expressions
Why “No Problem” Can Seem Rude: Phatic Expressions
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"Hello!" "Thank you!" "You're welcome!" These are all phatic expressions, and people can argue about them. Pull down the description for the references! MORE LANGUAGE FILES: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLDEnHuhD7CTZES3KXFnwm0 Written with Gretchen McCulloch and Molly Ruhl. Gretchen's new book, BECAUSE INTERNET, is available now: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) Gretchen can be found at lingthusiasm.com/ REFERENCES: Brown, P. and Levinson, S. 1987. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. Goffman, Erving (1967): On Face-Work. An Analysis of Ritual Elements in Social Interaction. In: Ders.: Interaction Ritual. New York: Doubleday. 5-45. Dinkin, A. (2018). It's no problem to be polite: Apparent-time change in responses to thanks. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 22(2), 190-215. Bucholtz, M. & Hall, K. (2005) Identity and interaction: A sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies. vol. 7 (4-2): 585-614. Yngve, Victor. "On getting a word in edgewise," page 568. Papers from the Sixth Regional Meeting [of the] Chicago Linguistic Society, 1970. Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A., & Jefferson, G. (1974). "A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation." Language, 50, 696-735. Tannen, D. (2012). Turn-Taking and Intercultural Discourse and Communication. In Bratt Paulston, C., Kiesling, S. F., & Rangel E. S., Japan/Anglo-American Cross-Cultural Communication (pp 135-157). Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics: The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Fetch-Execute Cycle: What's Your Computer Actually Doing?
The Fetch-Execute Cycle: What's Your Computer Actually Doing?
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The fetch-execute cycle is the basis of everything your computer or phone does. This is literally The Basics. • Sponsored by Dashlane -try 30 days for free at: www.dashlane.com/tomscott Thanks to Dashlane for sponsoring the video! If you're techie enough to watch this video, you should be using a password manager. Get a 30-day free trial at dashlane.com/tomscott MORE BASICS: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLLeET0dOWaKHkAlPsrkcha MINOR CORRECTIONS: In the graphics, "programme" should be "program". I say "Mac instead of PC"; that should be "a phone instead of a PC". And most importantly, I say "every sixth cycle": that should be "every ninth". Fortunately, none of these materially affect the content of the video! Written with Sean Elliott twitter.com/SeanMElliott/ Directed by Tomek Graphics by Mooviemakers www.mooviemakers.co.uk/ Audio mix by Haerther Productions haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
How To Stop A Colossal Bridge Corroding
How To Stop A Colossal Bridge Corroding
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A decade ago, engineers found the Humber Bridge had the same problem as many of the world's suspension bridges: unexpectedly fast corrosion. Here's how they fixed it, and how they're checking that it's staying fixed. Thanks to all the team at the Humber Bridge board, at Cleveland Bridge, and Visit Hull and East Yorkshire, all of whom spent a lot of time and effort getting me up to the towers! Aerial and ground camera by Octovision Media octovisionmedia.co.uk Edited by Michelle Martin @mrsmmartin I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
why typing like this is sometimes okay.
why typing like this is sometimes okay.
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Language changes over time, and that's fine. Time for a dose of descriptivism, as the Language Files return. Pull down the description for the references! MORE LANGUAGE FILES: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGLDEnHuhD7CTZES3KXFnwm0 Written with Gretchen McCulloch and Molly Ruhl. Gretchen's new book, BECAUSE INTERNET, is available soon: 🇺🇸 US: amzn.to/30tLpjT 🇨🇦 CA: amzn.to/2JsTYWH 🇬🇧 UK: amzn.to/31K8eRD (Those are affiliate links that give a commission to me or Gretchen, depending on country!) Gretchen can be found at lingthusiasm.com/ REFERENCES: Labov, W. (1972) Some principles of linguistics methodology. Language and Society 1(1): 97-120. Bucholtz, M. & Hall, K. (2005) Identity and interaction: A sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies. vol. 7 (4-2): 585-614. Biber, D. & Finegan, E. (1994). Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Register. New York ; Oxford: Oxford University Press. Soffer, O. (2012). Liquid language? on the personalization of discourse in the digital era. New Media & Society, 14(7), 1092-1110. Bourlai, E., & Herring, S. C. (2014). Multimodal communication on tumblr: I have so many feels! Proceedings of the 2014 ACM Conference on Web Science - WebSci '14. doi:10.1145/2615569.2615697 Lawson, A., Ferrer, L., Wang, W., & Murray, J. (2015). Detection of demographics and identity in spontaneous speech and writing. In A. K. Baughman, J. Gao, J. Pan, & V. A. Petrushin (Eds.), Multimedia Data Mining and Analytics (Vol. 3, pp. 205-225). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-14998-1_9 Mckee, H. (2002). “YOUR VIEWS SHOWED TRUE IGNORANCE!!!”: (Mis)Communication in an online interracial discussion forum. Computers and Composition, 19(4), 411-434. Danet, B. (2013). Flaming and linguistic impoliteness on a listserv. In S. C. Herring, D. Stein, & T. Virtanen (Eds.), Pragmatics of Computer-Mediated Communication (Vol. 9, Handbook of Pragmatics, pp. 639-664). Walter de Gruyter McCulloch, G. (2019). Because internet. New York: Riverhead Books. Milne, A. A. & Shepard, E. (1926). Winnie-the-Pooh. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co. Urabnik, C. L. (2013). Adjacent character repetition: Orthographic Pragmatics in Computer-Mediated Discourse. (Master’s Thesis) San Francisco State University. Gunrajm D.N., Drumm-Hewitt, A.M., Dashow, E.M., Upadhyay, S.S.N., Klin, C.M. (2015). Texting insincerely: The role of the period in text messaging. Computers in Human Behavior 55(B). (pp 1067-1075). doi:10.1016/j.chb.2015.11.003 Gonzalez-Lloret, M. (2011). Conversation analysis of computer-mediated communication. CALICO Journal, 28(2), 308-325. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
How To Build An App: Everything You Didn't Know You Needed To Know
How To Build An App: Everything You Didn't Know You Needed To Know
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Watch all 15 episodes right now: noburn.info/put/PL96C35uN7xGJu6skU4TBYrIWxggkZBrF5 • This educational series is sponsored by Google This isn't going to be a click-a-button and follow-along series that gives you the same result as everything else. We're not even going to talk about code. This is everything you didn't know you needed to know about building an app. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Giant Underground Tunnels Protecting Tokyo From Floods
The Giant Underground Tunnels Protecting Tokyo From Floods
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If you believe the hype, then the Metropolitan Area Underground Discharge Channel stops Tokyo flooding. It doesn't. But it is one colossal part of a huge network of flood defences that protect a city that would otherwise be... well, very wet. MORE ABOUT THE DISCHARGE CHANNEL: The Discharge Channel's site (in Japanese): www.ktr.mlit.go.jp/edogawa/gaikaku/ Advice for English-speaking visitors: matcha-jp.com/en/4002 REFERENCES: "Below sea level" and "aging levees": www.kensetsu.metro.tokyo.jp/content/000028631.pdf [PDF, parts translated in www.nytimes.com/2017/10/06/climate/tokyo-floods.html ] "All that protects the two and a half million people": mainichi.jp/english/articles/20180823/p2a/00m/0na/007000c Discharge channel stats: www.japanriver.or.jp/EnglishDocument/DB/file/004%20Kanto%2079(T.O-12).pdf [PDF] THANKS TO: Local fixer: Yamada Masato Post translator: Dominic Jacobs Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why You Can't Trust Me
Why You Can't Trust Me
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I went to a place called Coober Pedy to tell a story about water. • Sponsored by Audible: Go to audible.com/trustme or text ‘trustme’ to 500 500 to get started today. CORRECTIONS: www.tomscott.com/corrections/ Thanks to everyone in Coober Pedy; I had a wonderful time there. I'm sorry this isn't the video you all hoped for! Sources for this video: Smerdon, B.; Ransley, T.; Radke, B.; Kellett, J. (2012) Water resource assessment for the Great Artesian Basin. A report to the Australian Government from the CSIRO Great Artesian Basin Water Resource Assessment. Australia: CSIRO. doi.org/10.4225/08/584c45a39e1b5 Martin, P. (2019). Opal capital Coober Pedy 'on knife-edge' as desert town faces water problem. Retrieved from www.abc.net.au/news/2019-03-06/coober-pedy-water-supply-concerns-opal-capital/10867894 Coober Pedy weather: www.bom.gov.au/climate/dwo/201901/html/IDCJDW5012.201901.shtml Great Artesian Basin boundaries: Great Artesian Basin boundary: data.gov.au/data/dataset/241d11ac-649d-46a5-8cae-3dddb53a8010 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, (c) Commonwealth of Australia (Bioregional Assessment Programme www.bioregionalassessments.gov.au), (c) Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia) 2013 I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The World's First Solar Powered Train
The World's First Solar Powered Train
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The Byron Bay Railroad Company runs the world's first 100% solar-powered train. It wouldn't work everywhere - but in the bright sunshine of Australia, it might just be the right tool for the job. More about the railroad: byronbaytrain.com.au/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Mr Olds’ Remarkable Elevator
Mr Olds’ Remarkable Elevator
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Olds Engineering, a traditional workshop and foundry, sits in Maryborough, Australia. It's not the sort of place you'd expect to find a new industrial invention in the 21st century: and yet the Olds Elevator, patented by Peter Olds, is just that. More about Olds Engineering: www.olds.com.au/ and the Olds Elevator: www.oldselevator.com/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The One-Lane Bridge Shared By Cars And Trains
The One-Lane Bridge Shared By Cars And Trains
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Near Hindon, on the South Island of New Zealand, there's one of only two remaining one-lane road-rail bridges in the country. No barriers, no lights, no sirens: if you're driving across this, you need to make sure to listen out for the train horn. Thanks to all the Dunedin Railways team! You can find out more about them here: www.dunedinrailways.co.nz/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
What Counts As The Steepest Street In The World?
What Counts As The Steepest Street In The World?
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Baldwin Street in Dunedin, New Zealand, has the Guinness World Record for "steepest paved road over a continuous distance of more than ten metres". Which is enough to bring in quite a few tourists. What's the history? And what counts as "steepest street"? Thanks to Mayor Dave Cull and to Gary Blackman. You can see some of Gary Blackman's photography in Te Papa's collection: collections.tepapa.govt.nz/agent/222 And an interview with him: www.odt.co.nz/entertainment/arts/blackman-still-finding-out-what-camera-will-take UPDATE, JULY 2019: The Welsh street took the record: www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-48992331 UPDATE, APRIL 2020: The New Zealand street appealed and took the record back: www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-52215151 CITATION: von Worley, S. (2010). More Steeps Of San Francisco - A New Steepest Street Is Born. Retrieved from www.datapointed.net/2010/02/more-steeps-of-san-francisco/ The Guinness World Record data is here: www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/62907-steepest-street-road And the Welsh street is referenced here: www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/jan/10/bricks-dont-usually-roll-welsh-town-harlech-worlds-steepest-street Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Testing A Zip Line That Goes Round Corners
Testing A Zip Line That Goes Round Corners
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If you invent a new theme park or amusement ride, how do you test it to make sure it's safe? There's no Federal Bureau of Zip Lines. I visited one of the companies that does just that sort of testing - and, now, inventing. More about Holmes Solutions: holmessolutions.com/ And their adventure recreation division: holmessolutions.com/case-study/adventure-recreation Information on foreseeable misuse: Health and Safety Executive. (2017). Fairgrounds and amusementparks: Guidance on safe practice. London: HSE Books. www.hse.gov.uk/pUbns/priced/hsg175.pdf [PDF] Information on US regulation of theme parks: Hollandsworth, S. (2018). Schlitterbahn’s Tragic Slide. Texas Monthly. Retrieved from www.texasmonthly.com/news/jeff-henry-verruckt-schlitterbahns-tragic-slide/ - this is an interesting and somewhat harrowing article on the now-demolished world's largest waterslide. Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Audio mix by Graham Haerther (haerther.net) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Circle Visible From Space
The Circle Visible From Space
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Mount Taranaki, on the North Island of New Zealand, is a large-scale circle that's visible from space: a stratovolcano with six miles of forest around it. But that didn't happen naturally. Oh, and there's a good chance that, in the next fifty years or so, it might explode. GOOD VIDEOS ON NATURAL PERSONHOOD: Law professor Jacinta Ruru at TEDx Christchurch, for a formal talk: noburn.info/id/video/ma6kgduSf5GiiIY.html Leonie Hayden at The Spinoff, for a more vlog-style approach: noburn.info/id/video/u5a2XsaAhZ-nq4Y.html SOURCES: Taranaki Civil Defence and Emergency Management cdemtaranaki.govt.nz/taranaki-hazards/natural-hazards/volcanic/ McWethy, D., Wilmshurst, J., Whitlock, C., Wood, J., & McGlone, M. (2014). A High-Resolution Chronology of Rapid Forest Transitions following Polynesian Arrival in New Zealand. Plos ONE, 9(11), e111328. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111328 Perry, G., Wilmshurst, J., & McGlone, M. (2014). Ecology and long-term history of fire in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal Of Ecology, 38(2), 157-176. ME: I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The First 3D Color X-Rays
The First 3D Color X-Rays
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At the University of Canterbury, in Christchurch, New Zealand, the team at Mars Bioimaging are using detector equipment originally developed for the Large Hadron Collider, and putting it to a very different use: medical imaging that allows 3D, false-color images inside the human body. Thanks to the Mars Bioimaging team: www.marsbioimaging.com/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Brain-Eating Amoebas of Kerosene Creek
The Brain-Eating Amoebas of Kerosene Creek
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Kerosene Creek is a natural hot spring near Rotorua, on the North Island of New Zealand. And there have been official warnings for years: don't put your head under water. It turns out that "brain-eating amoebas", naegleria fowleri, are a real, if rare, thing. Thank you to Associate Professor Siouxsie Wiles! Here are some of the references used for this video: Bonifield, J. (2019). Fatal brain-eating amoeba may have come from woman's neti pot. Retrieved from edition.cnn.com/2018/12/07/health/seattle-brain-amoeba-neti-pot-bn/index.html Hermelingmeier, K., Weber, R., Hellmich, M., Heubach, C., & Mösges, R. (2012). Nasal Irrigation as an Adjunctive Treatment in Allergic Rhinitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. American Journal Of Rhinology & Allergy, 26(5), e119-e125. doi: 10.2500/ajra.2012.26.3787 Piper, K., Foster, H., Susanto, D., Maree, C., Thornton, S., & Cobbs, C. (2018). Fatal Balamuthia mandrillaris brain infection associated with improper nasal lavage. International Journal Of Infectious Diseases, 77, 18-22. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2018.09.013 Yoder, J., Straif-Bourgeois, S., Roy, S., Moore, T., Visvesvara, G., & Ratard, R. et al. (2012). Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis Deaths Associated With Sinus Irrigation Using Contaminated Tap Water. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 55(9), e79-e85. doi: 10.1093/cid/cis626 Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Hundred-Tonne Robots That Help Keep New Zealand Running
The Hundred-Tonne Robots That Help Keep New Zealand Running
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The Ports of Auckland are automating their straddle carriers, which might not seem like much: until you phrase it as "hundred-tonne autonomous robots guided by nanosecond-precision tracking". More about the Ports of Auckland: www.poal.co.nz/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Sculpture That Looks Like A Real-Life Cartoon
The Sculpture That Looks Like A Real-Life Cartoon
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Gibbs Farm, in New Zealand, is an enormous private sculpture collection. Its most famous piece is Horizons, by Neil Dawson - and it looks like a cartoon tissue somehow painted onto the landscape. To see it in person, though, will take a bit of effort. Gibbs Farm: www.gibbsfarm.org.nz/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Where Two Oceans Meet, Debunked
Where Two Oceans Meet, Debunked
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Cape Reinga, at the very northern tip of New Zealand, is known for being where the Tasman Sea meets the Pacific Ocean, where two oceans collide. The truth, though, is a little more complicated than that. Thanks to Dr Simon Clark for helping proofread my script: noburn.info - any errors are mine, not his! Current visualisation from earth.nullschool.net , used with permission I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
I Drove My Childhood Favorite Racing Game In Real Life
I Drove My Childhood Favorite Racing Game In Real Life
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When I was a kid, I played the demo version of Need for Speed II a lot. Just the demo: it came free on a CD with a monthly computer magazine. Every detail of that one demo track was stored in my head, long-dormant... until I ended up in Vancouver, and memories started surfacing in very odd ways. I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Artificial Gravity Lab
The Artificial Gravity Lab
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In the Ashton Graybiel Spatial Orientation Laboratory at Brandeis University, there's the Artificial Gravity Facility: otherwise known as the rotating room. No-one's invented futuristic gravity plating yet, but if you want to test how humans would cope with artificial gravity, this is the best way. More about the Artificial Gravity Facility: www.brandeis.edu/graybiel/facilities/srr.html More about the Ashton Graybiel Spatial Orientation Laboratory: www.brandeis.edu/graybiel/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net Animation by Mooviemakers www.mooviemakers.co.uk I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Blindfold Balancing in the Spinning Space Chair
Blindfold Balancing in the Spinning Space Chair
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The Multi-Axes Rotation and Tilt Device (MART) is used for spatial orientation experiments: it's a chair balanced on a metaphorical knife-edge, powered by precise and fast motors. And my job was to not fall over. More about the Ashton Graybiel Spatial Orientation Laboratory: www.brandeis.edu/graybiel/ More about the MART: www.brandeis.edu/graybiel/facilities/mart.html More about Vivek's research: sites.google.com/view/vivekanandpandeyvimal 3D printed movement sculptures by Sacha Panic, Ian Roy, Alberto Pierobon and Vivekanand Pandey Vimal Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net Thanks to Jordan Harrod for the title! I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Library of Rare Colors
The Library of Rare Colors
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The Forbes Pigment Collection at the Harvard Art Museums is a collection of pigments, binders, and other art materials for researchers to use as standards: so they can tell originals from restorations from forgeries. It's not open to the public, because it's a working research library -- and because some of the pigments in there are rare, historic, or really shouldn't be handled by anyone untrained. More about the Forbes Pigment Collection: www.harvardartmuseums.org/article/a-short-history-of-a-pigment-collection-and-art-conservation-in-the-united-states The Harvard Art Museums: www.harvardartmuseums.org/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Audio mix by Graham Haerther haerther.net/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Keep It or Dump It (with Matthew, who is lovely but not internet famous)
Keep It or Dump It (with Matthew, who is lovely but not internet famous)
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The final episode in this run of the Game Garage gives us a Proper Quiz: complete with all-or-nothing questions and a prize of FIVE THOUSAND PENCE. That's pence. It's £50. We didn't have that big a budget. Edited by Elliot Gough Audio mix by Graham Haerther Directed by Grant Stevens Produced by David Bodycombe and Tom Scott A Pad 26 / Labyrinth Games production I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo Photo credits: Element photos are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution unported 3.0, from images-of-elements.com/ - for each individual credit, images-of-elements.com/[name of element].php Celebrity photos licensed under Creative Commons Attribution licenses. See URL for full license: John Cusack by Cliff commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cusack09.jpg Drew Carey by Mercy for Animals MFA commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Drew_Carey_2014.jpg Kim Cattrall by Canadian Film Centre www.flickr.com/photos/cfccreates/6852106279/ Oprah Winfrey by Greg Hernandez commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oprah_Winfrey_at_2011_TCA_2.jpg Rachel McAdams by Andrew Biskinsky commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rachel_McAdams,_TIFF_2012_(bright_crop).jpg Hugh Grant by Julien Rath commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hugh_Grant_%2711.jpg Kylie Minogue by Raph_PH commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kylie_Minogue_at_The_Queen%27s_Birthday_Party_(cropped_3).jpg Damian Lewis by Jaguar MENA commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Damian_Lewis_at_the_London_Reveal_of_the_New_Jaguar_XE.jpg
The Last Play-For-Cash Fascination Parlor
The Last Play-For-Cash Fascination Parlor
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On Nantasket Beach in the seaside town of Hull, Massachusetts, sits the last play-for-cash Fascination Parlor in the world. It's a century-old arcade game, made of relays that click and buzz. There are a few other parlors left in the world: but this is the only one where you're playing for actual money. More about the Paragon Boardwalk: www.paragonboardwalk.com/ Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Above Average (with too many people to fit in this title)
Above Average (with too many people to fit in this title)
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Today in the Game Garage, it's not about what you know: it's about what you can do. Pull down the description for the full cast and links to everyone's channels! IN THE STUDIO Cambria Bailey-Jones - twitter.com/cambriabailey Guy Larsen - guylarsen.com Taha Khan - noburn.info ON THE PANEL Barry Lewis - noburn.info/post/AzyupPG4vdo8jd9nJ13LAw.html Colin Furze - noburn.info Em Ford - noburn.info Hannah Witton - noburn.info Lucy Bella Earl - noburn.info/post/z4tgANd4yy8Oe0iXCdSWfA.html Saf - noburn.info Steven Bridges - noburn.info/post/qK0ukwGsTDh7sHih1OmLJA.html And here's the stop-motion video that Cambria, Guy and Taha were working on! noburn.info/id/video/zp7VZduXno6lp3Y.html Edited by Elliot Gough and Michelle Martin Audio mix by Graham Haerther Directed by Grant Stevens Produced by David Bodycombe and Tom Scott A Pad 26 / Labyrinth Games production I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
The Broken Building That Must Not Be Destroyed
The Broken Building That Must Not Be Destroyed
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St Peter's Seminary sits in woodland about an hour west of Glasgow, near a village called Cardross. If you like Brutalist architecture, then it's a beautiful ruin: if not, then perhaps your view isn't so kind. It's a historic, religious building: but it's also a money sink that can't be demolished. My thanks to Ronnie Convery at the Archdiocese of Glasgow! Edited by Michelle Martin, @mrsmmartin I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Weight For It (with Evan Edinger and Luke Cutforth)
Weight For It (with Evan Edinger and Luke Cutforth)
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Welcome to the Game Garage! A series of three new, experimental quizzes and games. Thanks today to Evan Edinger - noburn.info - and Luke Cutforth - noburn.info - for being the guinea pigs for Game 1: Weight For It. Sure, we could have spent a fortune on a massive studio, huge props and a giant seesaw: or we could get a garage, some GoPros, and some boxes of sand. Edited by Elliot Gough Audio mix by Graham Haerther Directed by Grant Stevens Produced by David Bodycombe and Tom Scott A Pad 26 / Labyrinth Games production I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
A Questionable Experiment in Motion Sickness
A Questionable Experiment in Motion Sickness
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Go see William Osman's video about building the car! - noburn.info/id/video/nY6ukMqfg25qg5w.html and thanks to Michael Reeves for being a guinea pig: noburn.info/post/tHaxi4GTYDpJgMSGy7AeSw.html We built a car that you drive with real-life video game lag, and used it for an ill-advised, mostly-unscientific experiment about motion sickness. In case it wasn't obvious: we did this in a private area away from public roads and other traffic, and I insisted on more safety checks than William and Michael would normally have. Don't try this unless you're doing the same! Edited by Elliot Gough Audio mix by Graham Haerther REFERENCES: Treisman, M. (1977). Motion sickness: an evolutionary hypothesis. Science, 197(4302), 493-495. doi: 10.1126/science.301659 Spinks, R. (2018). We still don’t understand motion sickness, but it’s likely to get worse in the digital age. Retrieved from qz.com/quartzy/1379653/we-still-dont-understand-motion-sickness-but-its-likely-to-get-worse-in-the-digital-age/ I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Why Denmark Is .18 Seconds Behind The World
Why Denmark Is .18 Seconds Behind The World
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Measuring time is a complicated thing. Computers, banks, and stock markets in Denmark all use UTC, the international standard: but according to the law, they shouldn't. Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) Thanks to Thor Nielsen for the suggestion! I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
How Auto-Tune Works
How Auto-Tune Works
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Featuring the Gregory Brothers! Go subscribe to them: noburn.info Pitch correction: it can make terrible singers sound decent, brilliant singer sound mediocre, or Cher sound like a robot. But how does it work? And is it possible to explain that without actually trying to understand Fourier transforms? I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Slowing Down A Stock Exchange With 38 Miles Of Cable
Slowing Down A Stock Exchange With 38 Miles Of Cable
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High-frequency traders have a few tactics on stock exchanges: but simply put, they gather price information faster than anyone else, sometimes even faster than the markets themselves, and use that to make a tiny profit many, many, many times. There are all sorts of solutions: but it turns out there's a simpler one that involves physics. Thanks to Ronan and all the team at IEX - you can find out more about them here: iextrading.com/ or on Twitter at twitter.com/IEX I fact-checked Ronan's claim about the SEC white paper because it seemed a bit too good to be true, but he's right: see Hu, E. (2018). Intentional Access Delays, Market Quality, and Price Discovery: Evidence from IEX Becoming an Exchange. SSRN Electronic Journal. www.sec.gov/files/07feb18_hu_iex_becoming_an_exchange.pdf [PDF] Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at tomscott.com on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
I Got To See And Hold My Brain
I Got To See And Hold My Brain
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Subscribe to Neuro Transmissions! noburn.info or start with their video on how to train a cat to high-five: noburn.info/id/video/vJrWh9thnpx-eII.html We're all used to seeing MRI scans of brains. But how do they work? Can you really "see" brain activity, or read someone's mind? Alie and Micah from Neuro Transmissions went to get scanned -- and ended up having some fun with 3D printing, too.
This Is Your Brain On Stale Air
This Is Your Brain On Stale Air
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Subscribe to Kurtis Baute! noburn.info/post/TRM8LE1g6UXrVZKwgw5oEA.html or start with his one-take video on the history of the universe: noburn.info/id/video/tZbRmNimgH6Bb3I.html Inside his homemade, hermetically-sealed, airtight biodome, Kurtis Baute is already out of breath and surrounded by more carbon dioxide than he should be. And that's going to affect a lot of things -- including how smart he is. SOURCES: CO2 and Cognitive Function Scores: ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/pdf/10.1289/ehp.1510037 Indoor Air Quality and Academic Performance: www.gwern.net/docs/co2/2015-stafford.pdf
How Knot To Hang A Painting
How Knot To Hang A Painting
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Subscribe to Up and Atom! noburn.info/post/SIvk78tK2TiviLQn4fSHaw.html or start with Jade's video on quantum tunnelling: noburn.info/id/video/vYS9fbalqa59qKA.html You've got a painting and two nails. Can you use both nails to hang the painting so that if either nail is removed, the painting falls? That's the puzzle: in this week's guest video, Jade's going to solve it with maths.
NatTheGnat
NatTheGnat - 16 timer siden
AI dungeon is so much better now and it actually would understand what that means
Netty Does Stuff
Netty Does Stuff - 16 timer siden
Drinking game: take a shot every time someone says "pink"
SpartiuS94
SpartiuS94 - 16 timer siden
Luxembourg: we're making public transit free in March to fix congestion! March: global lockdown. Luxembourg: see? we fixed congestion.
Jehu Beñosa
Jehu Beñosa - 16 timer siden
I WAS LOOKING HOW TO MAKE MY PHONE A BRICK.
Leung Rei Jhe
Leung Rei Jhe - 16 timer siden
OnO
Baguette Gott
Baguette Gott - 16 timer siden
Soo... was ist Nord or Express?
James
James - 16 timer siden
This is just furthering my idea of moving to Iceland
lity fity
lity fity - 16 timer siden
bruh
lity fity
lity fity - 16 timer siden
bruh
lity fity
lity fity - 16 timer siden
bruh
Not Me Not Me
Not Me Not Me - 16 timer siden
I wonder why the frequency isn’t bang on 50Hz?
C Medlin
C Medlin - 16 timer siden
Tom Scott - The Student Years.
Alex SSB
Alex SSB - 16 timer siden
What's up SLAPPERS!
lity fity
lity fity - 17 timer siden
bruh
QHbZ I CoC
QHbZ I CoC - 17 timer siden
This video shows how weird left hand traffic actually is
SpartiuS94
SpartiuS94 - 17 timer siden
This is a perfect demonstration of why democratic systems do not work. People are just too dumb to decide on anything.
l3dg3nd gam3r
l3dg3nd gam3r - 17 timer siden
oregon gang
Darold Carold
Darold Carold - 17 timer siden
k so this is the story of how I wanna go to an Iceland beach so badly...
Luca Dorazio
Luca Dorazio - 17 timer siden
Same
QHbZ I CoC
QHbZ I CoC - 17 timer siden
Well it‘s 1000 times a million
Shaunak Aswani
Shaunak Aswani - 17 timer siden
Bruh its September 27 and it's 100% spot on
SpartiuS94
SpartiuS94 - 17 timer siden
It's completely isolated so it may develop an entirely self-sustained radioactivity reliant life form in a 100 thousand years.
Cameron Allmon
Cameron Allmon - 17 timer siden
100% right for me
18 Jadugniko
18 Jadugniko - 17 timer siden
I should sing Halo in that tank
shuiwai tin
shuiwai tin - 17 timer siden
Well
Avinav Sarkar
Avinav Sarkar - 17 timer siden
Doesn't 1:01 look like wood jutsu?
S. Peters
S. Peters - 17 timer siden
Why didn't they just use regular light-rail tracks? That would be way more efficient and easier to steer too...
Windows386
Windows386 - 17 timer siden
Talar þú ensku*, not talarðu ensku.
SpartiuS94
SpartiuS94 - 17 timer siden
"It'll kill you" **proceeds to show "amazing places"**
Chev Chelios
Chev Chelios - 17 timer siden
They started talking, was 100% sure they dutch
Alexander Kurt
Alexander Kurt - 17 timer siden
I’m not a robot because I was programmed to be a human.
0 Ping Player .
0 Ping Player . - 17 timer siden
Flat Earth people be like 👨‍🦯 👨‍🦯 👨‍🦯
VistaXP2600
VistaXP2600 - 17 timer siden
i find it weird that the thumbnail is really funny to me
Lucy McLelland
Lucy McLelland - 17 timer siden
Okay so 14, Uk scotland ML7, tig, “jingle bells batman smells, robin flew away, the batmobile lost a while and landed in the hay” or “jingle bells ur da smells, ur maws ran away, dobbys done a jobby on the motorway” but we all kinda thought it was Harry Potter Dobby
Yiheng Zhou
Yiheng Zhou - 17 timer siden
That pink is so pink, one look at it and I got pink eye.
Milfkaffee
Milfkaffee - 18 timer siden
"Nucular. Its pronounced nucular."
2ndNorP Games
2ndNorP Games - 18 timer siden
It’s funny how a bread can survive in space while humans freeze and burn in space with no equipments
Basicxlly Cherry
Basicxlly Cherry - 18 timer siden
Oof it’s not on point for me but Idc it’s cool good job
Danny M
Danny M - 18 timer siden
Imagine if you slipped and fell in.
QuackyMcduck
QuackyMcduck - 18 timer siden
You know whats good about the English language? WE DON'T HAVE THREE DIFFERENT WORDS FOR "THE" And there is no way of knowing which one to use!!!! I'm taking to all those German speakers out there.
Baguette Gott
Baguette Gott - 18 timer siden
Oh, I'm so gonna abuse this feature. Let's block everyone who believes in astrology. Let's block everyone who doesn't like Lord of the Rings. Let's block all men... or maybe all straight people, that's also an option. The longer I think about it. I should just block everyone.
Daniyar Muradov
Daniyar Muradov - 18 timer siden
its wrong nooooooo
CurlyWurlyo
CurlyWurlyo - 18 timer siden
How about we use a superfluid. It can technically go faster that light and is frictionless
Moonblade
Moonblade - 18 timer siden
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Dudo
Dudo - 18 timer siden
Wtf
Steve
Steve - 18 timer siden
nope they arent coming back to fashion
Sam Kroll
Sam Kroll - 18 timer siden
how
3fxz
3fxz - 18 timer siden
This aged like milk
Neojhun
Neojhun - 18 timer siden
Good Riddance, silly concept the mono tone beep.
Timothy Burbank
Timothy Burbank - 18 timer siden
To all u people saying the Earth is round... this is a lens distortion and proves nothing..
im not lazy
im not lazy - 18 timer siden
.
Jack B
Jack B - 18 timer siden
Spot on
Sadcaco
Sadcaco - 18 timer siden
Still 100% spot on
Panda Tyme
Panda Tyme - 18 timer siden
100% correct at this time
Yakub lmaoo
Yakub lmaoo - 18 timer siden
I kinda shocked when mom waw anaana in that language it's so same like the bulgarian turkish but anaana mean to your mom or your mom
Maddogscott386
Maddogscott386 - 18 timer siden
I live about 40 mins away from there
reception blcp
reception blcp - 18 timer siden
I thought only philippines wastes projects like this
TalkSick CanSir
TalkSick CanSir - 19 timer siden
The pink could just be normal pink and we wouldn’t even know
King ChaChing
King ChaChing - 19 timer siden
Can confirm it's still working
The Dog In The High Castle
The Dog In The High Castle - 19 timer siden
f
Big Sid Real Prison Talk
Big Sid Real Prison Talk - 19 timer siden
His face🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
Billy Bob
Billy Bob - 19 timer siden
But does Tom know where the 'S' symbol all kids seem to draw comes from?
Jack Wilkie
Jack Wilkie - 19 timer siden
*bread lands* Tom: ONE TAKE!!!
Crezy T
Crezy T - 19 timer siden
*ROBORACE IS CO-SPONSORED BY TIKTOK*
Juani Elosegui
Juani Elosegui - 19 timer siden
We all drove not pressing the brake and crashing on every turn as kids... Smh
Dániel Pintér
Dániel Pintér - 19 timer siden
László was better
Valentin S.
Valentin S. - 19 timer siden
What if the father is not known?
kolibrizante
kolibrizante - 19 timer siden
6 years later, after a few tim vids. This gets recommended. Actually a nice little vid, good vibes
volym Mangset
volym Mangset - 19 timer siden
i live in that country its actually called “saltstrømmen” i have also been there
Galaxis
Galaxis - 19 timer siden
Where I live, they just try to make everyone deaf with a blaring loud beeping sound when it's ok to cross. Seriously, I am concerned about people losing the ability to hear some things at a young age due to crossing twice a day to go to school. Well, in other years you know.
Tame Fire
Tame Fire - 19 timer siden
Now that I think about jacksfilms, ur forehead be lookin really beeeg
Gilbert Afidemenyo
Gilbert Afidemenyo - 19 timer siden
gocwRvLhDf8 is the id of this video
Bubblez_Is_Sour
Bubblez_Is_Sour - 19 timer siden
i left on autoplay how did I listen to half of this without noticing I was watching bread fly to space
Diego Londoño
Diego Londoño - 19 timer siden
Im from colombia, great video
Fred Latin Medic
Fred Latin Medic - 19 timer siden
They were not drunk, they were tired and emotional
Kittycat817k
Kittycat817k - 19 timer siden
This video is more interesting than classes in 2020
Asia Acuna
Asia Acuna - 19 timer siden
The way you described the pink was so insightful and explained so well
Slothsages
Slothsages - 19 timer siden
Anyone else jealous of that collection of computers behind Tom?
MBB
MBB - 19 timer siden
Enjoy the next 4 years and 2 months*