When Time Became History - The Human Era

43 834
** UPDATE: Calendars are sold out on the US-Shop but you can still get them from the EU-shop: shop-eu.kurzgesagt.org/ **
For the fifth time, we present to you the Human Era Calendar for the year 12,021 - this time it is all about the journey of humanity, beginning tens of thousands of years ago, leading into the revolution of agriculture, to ancient high civilizations and the beginning of modern times, culminating in a vision for our future. You can get the limited Edition now until we sell out and then never again. As always the calendar features 12 illustrated pages printed on high quality paper in Europe and the US. And this year the cover is especially shiny. The calendar will look great on your wall and let you dream about a glorious future. We truly have come far as a species!
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Runtime: 10:40


Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell - 17 dager siden
** UPDATE: Calendars are sold out on the US-Shop but you can still get them from the EU-shop: https://shop-eu.kurzgesagt.org/ **
For the fifth time, we present to you the Human Era Calendar for the year 12,021 – this time it is all about the journey of humanity, beginning tens of thousands of years ago, leading into the revolution of agriculture, to ancient high civilizations and the beginning of modern times, culminating in a vision for our future. You can get the limited Edition now until we sell out and then never again. As always the calendar features 12 illustrated pages printed on high quality paper in Europe and the US. And this year the cover is especially shiny. The calendar will look great on your wall and let you dream about a glorious future. We truly have come far as a species!
Lydia Steine Bendiksen
Why does the more modern looking half in the thumbnail also look more white? Is that deliberate?
FriedX - 4 dager siden
@Zampoukos ok
Zampoukos - 4 dager siden
I was about to place an order but the shipping is more expensive than the calendar, give us more shipping methods
Максим Киреев
Максим Киреев - 5 dager siden
Привет :3
TheOrganicartist - 5 dager siden
Dear Kurzgesagt- I recently went to look for the video your channel did about conservative and liberal brains (or novelty adverse vs novelty seeking), but cannot find it. was it switched to be a private video?
Wessam Mada
Wessam Mada - 28 minutter siden
I can not express how much I love kurgesagt its the greatest Chanel I've ever seen I started watching them in 2015 and they make the hardest topics simple for you to understand and to love to keep up the good work I love your vids so so much!
Aegon Targaryen
Aegon Targaryen - Time siden
What a great video,ty.
Calcifer Moon
Calcifer Moon - Time siden
This video lowkey made me cry.
Nilisha MP
Nilisha MP - 5 timer siden
Abir Loula
Abir Loula - 6 timer siden
Mohamed Mohamed
Mohamed Mohamed - 8 timer siden
You are the best
Jesse Lingard
Jesse Lingard - 9 timer siden
I feel like I’m missing something.. why this video now? It must have something do with how people will look at the coronavirus pandemic happening now in the future
Bhanu Tanwar
Bhanu Tanwar - 9 timer siden
you are the best youtube channel ever
javier londoño
javier londoño - 11 timer siden
I hope this video will be a proof of our existence in the future
Hisham Hossain
Hisham Hossain - 11 timer siden
Please go 4k
BelktheElk - 14 timer siden
ive been watching for like
since the very begginign of this channel and im still not subbed.
Finally i am :)
ULTIMATERZ gaming - 15 timer siden
earth was nearly the end so be a good ppl and blessed by jesus
Ailsa Ni
Ailsa Ni - 20 timer siden
The opening sentence is literally what happened to me a year ago when homeless people who lived in the forest nearby broke into my house
R A R E V A L U E O0
R A R E V A L U E O0 - 20 timer siden
do you know how much i love you ?
Ailsa Ni
Ailsa Ni - 20 timer siden
Yuval Noah Harari: 'Hold my Sapiens!'
BATTLETEETH - 20 timer siden
This isn't the first time we have done this
Saul Cruz
Saul Cruz - 21 time siden
Umfortunetly that cool future Is gonna be until 2099 or 2150 or 2060 if lucky
Master Oogway
Master Oogway - 22 timer siden
The moment you are reading this comment will be past
Sasha Flame
Sasha Flame - Dag siden
Really good vid
Harshraj Rathore
Harshraj Rathore - Dag siden
Your content is inspirational. Thanks.
chicken In a soup
chicken In a soup - Dag siden
Ngl i shared this channel with my grandma
The Life Of Lachlan
The Life Of Lachlan - Dag siden
Do a video on brain chips
AJAX HForHotBoi - Dag siden
I'm pretty sure it's just Hunter Gathers not being as effective at reproduction as Farmers.
Even if the farmers life is arguably more painful and sad they definitely had and kept more kids on average then Hunter Gathers.
Kinda like how the bird with the longer beak gets the deeper grub, and the ones with the shorter beaks get nothing. evolution marches on.
SwaggerSnail - Dag siden
"Hopefully in another 12,000 years our descendants will look back on us today with gratitude for the amazing world they are able to inhabit"
Press x to doubt
Артур Ломакин
Super cool! I'm inspired by your videos!
Neon Thapa
Neon Thapa - Dag siden
I am going to share this video.
Alex Awm
Alex Awm - Dag siden
the world is in chaos while murica is still busy doing side quests
Luke Henry
Luke Henry - Dag siden
Kurzgesagt: Humans are a complex being who collectively evolved from hunter gatherers to farming.
Me: humans dance funny
wazza33racer - Dag siden
except for the Koranderthals...........they are stuck at 600AD. But oh my god, here we have the ridiculous grain/seeds theory.......................that people thousands of years ago selectively bred useless grass seeds, with no meaningful results for hundreds of generations until they had grain seeds that actually had productive calories...........what utter bollocks. The sumerian history clearly explains where grains, and mankind came from. Homo sapiens is not millions of years old..............its only about 200,000 years, go read the human genome project results that align with the sumerian history.
Hm Grraarrpffrzz
Hm Grraarrpffrzz - 6 timer siden
So where does mankind come from?
Naman Jain
Naman Jain - Dag siden
Yuval Noah Harari: 'Hold my Sapiens!'
Joshia Edward Gamaliel
I didn't sure our next generations could survive in this dirty, hot world
Bry Alrighty
Bry Alrighty - Dag siden
Bought the calendar before they sold out. I'm probably going to make it a yearly thing. I love this channel.
Joshia Edward Gamaliel
and also 3:39 that's my country Indonesia
Joshia Edward Gamaliel
how do you know that our ancestors use old technologies and have a same life? do you ever met them? how do you said that we started from 2 million and 80.000 generations ago? do you ever count them?
Regina Phalange
Regina Phalange - 13 timer siden
It's all about evidence we found, really. Like skeletons of old humanoids or ancient caves with really old tools that was made by people. If you consider the genus Homo as humans, then yes we did start about 2 million years ago, Homo Sapiens is two hundred thousand years old.
Zoona Soo
Zoona Soo - Dag siden
Such garbage
Anurag Gupta
Anurag Gupta - 2 dager siden
Hi sir. You are requested to make a video on this:
1. When does the sun's magnetic polarity get reversed?
2. What impact will it have on the Earth?
3. Recently in 2020, the sun's polarity has been reversed, for the 25th cycle. When was the first cycle occurred?
4. Approximately when will the 48th (final) cycle occur?
5. What will happen, when the final 48th cycke occurs?
6. Whenever the first cycle had occurred, before that had no polarity reversal cycle ever occured on the sun?
7. Will the sun never ever change its polarity, after the 48th (final) cycle?
8. If the answer to question 7 is that the polarity will stilll be changed even after that, then why is the 48th cycle considered as the final cycle?
9. If after the 48th cycle, any new fresh cycle starts, then what will be different in the cycle? Why will be a fresh new cycle and not the 49th cycle?
Dinesh Shekhawat
Dinesh Shekhawat - 2 dager siden
I always like a Kurzegsagt video before watching it.
Astergio23 - 2 dager siden
You can always notice an improvement on the animation but the soundtracks... Man they are fantastic! At some point I got distracted by the beuty of music. Congratulations and thanks for all the magnificient work!
Ath108 Playz
Ath108 Playz - 2 dager siden
7:14 *They had us in the first half, not gonna lie.*
Jesse Lingard
Jesse Lingard - 9 timer siden
Ath108 Playz
Ath108 Playz - 2 dager siden
Babanimus - 2 dager siden
çok güzel video
Hestiaseve Ailes
Hestiaseve Ailes - 2 dager siden
I was about to buy the calendar but the shipping price was higher than the calendar itself :/ there should be an option for economy shipping.
Last Day on Earth
Last Day on Earth - 2 dager siden
I don't agree with 10k thousand history of humans.
There are strong evidence which suggest the opposite.
It's kind of biblical. I got no problem with research done by Kurz team.
But I think Kurz should research a bit more by including some latest researches.
Gabriel Satter
Gabriel Satter - 2 dager siden
Haven't you guys made like 5 videos explaining how we'll never become a ln interplanetary species?
Ushangsu Paul
Ushangsu Paul - 2 dager siden
stop making videos
i need to attend my online classes

(Its just joke, its supposed to be a compliment)
hen ko
hen ko - 2 dager siden
The opening sentence is literally what happened to me a year ago when homeless people who lived in the forest nearby broke into my house
hen ko
hen ko - 2 dager siden
Born too late to spear hunt, born too early to have a robot arm -_-
Eryel DUARTE DE FREITAS - 2 dager siden
What is that music?
Jesus Garciaa
Jesus Garciaa - 2 dager siden
Jesus is king
Hm Grraarrpffrzz
Hm Grraarrpffrzz - 6 timer siden
Jesus? The mexican folk singer?
Destiny Echo
Destiny Echo - 3 dager siden
Wait where is intro
Keefe Lashway
Keefe Lashway - 3 dager siden
You’re forgetting about war. More people means a bigger army to fight other tribes. Those who could not adapt were wiped out.
Regina Phalange
Regina Phalange - 11 timer siden
@Keefe Lashway I guess it was probably like that. Maybe the video wanted to be a little optimistic so it didn't give much emphasis to that side of the change.
Keefe Lashway
Keefe Lashway - 11 timer siden
@Regina Phalange I just watched it again and he only alludes to it, never specifically mentioning it. Anyway, my comment was more directed towards his notion that the transition towards agriculture was largely a peaceful one (something I’m hesitant to accept because human history is wrought with war and violence. Especially during times of rapid change).
Regina Phalange
Regina Phalange - 13 timer siden
It did mention that in a sentence, I think you have missed it.
haris joseph
haris joseph - 3 dager siden
02:27 contra vibes
Jack Hewitt
Jack Hewitt - 3 dager siden
Wow joreden valley boys 🇵🇸🇵🇸🇵🇸
Carlos Coimbra
Carlos Coimbra - 3 dager siden
More videos, pleaseeee!
niduoe stre
niduoe stre - 3 dager siden
I've been scared of the future a lot recently but what does that accomplish this has inspired me to start trying to think positively about the future again
Bo Spoonson
Bo Spoonson - 3 dager siden
You need a podcast
DefeatedMelon - 3 dager siden
@Bo Spoonson Okay.
Bo Spoonson
Bo Spoonson - 3 dager siden
@DefeatedMelon I meant the channel, and I’m sure he has a basic understanding of things he says.
DefeatedMelon - 3 dager siden
He's not really that smart. He reads the script.
niduoe stre
niduoe stre - 3 dager siden
Love these videos. I'm playing with the srs tool app to get answers about the future from our ancestors on the other side👻👻👻🤭
haku - 3 dager siden
2:19 evolutionary timeline
李碧畵 - 3 dager siden
Getting big ass dr stone vibes tho
SevenClouds - 3 dager siden
Knowing humanity in our days, I really do think hunters and gatherers have been persecuted over time and either became farmers or died of starvation. Just look at how indigenous populations are treated today, their lands being stolen or poisoned, their food source killed, etc.
Quentin T
Quentin T - 3 dager siden
You’re talking about this like climate change isn’t happening and like we’re not going extinct way before we will be able to travel far into space
Dangerous Nigga
Dangerous Nigga - 2 dager siden
Yes yes we are
Gábor Rigó
Gábor Rigó - 2 dager siden
DXRLNG - 3 dager siden
I've been so bummed out about somebody but watching this, all my worry feels meaningless (which is good to remember lol) and as though my experiences are most definitely shared through history.
Ammar Mufiid Johansyah
Ammar Mufiid Johansyah - 3 dager siden
i buy the human era calander 20,021!
Keshav Tekkalur
Keshav Tekkalur - 3 dager siden
We are living in a remarkable era of human life "the pollution era"
DarthLesbian420 - 3 dager siden
Born too late to spear hunt, born too early to have a robot arm -_-
President Karen • 20 years ago
Hey, this was uploaded on my sisters bday lol
ScoDal - 4 dager siden
This is my second time watching this. It's so good. I liked it. As I was watching again, entranced, I tried to like it again. In other words. I just want to like this video indefinitely or until my thumb falls off. It's so good.
Joshua Powell
Joshua Powell - 4 dager siden
Love all your vids im subscribed
Dawidek - 4 dager siden
I am unsubscribing to this channel because it is scaring me
Zenith Plays
Zenith Plays - 4 dager siden
His voice is so calm it makes me wanna fall asleep
Ximena Maier
Ximena Maier - 4 dager siden
The backround music 😵😵😵
g j
g j - 4 dager siden
Do a video about string theory and intradimensions
g j
g j - 4 dager siden
Love these videos. I'm playing with the srs tool app to get answers about the future from our ancestors on the other side👻👻👻🤭
El Yay
El Yay - 4 dager siden
I hade a history exam after this video was published thank you
the Noob
the Noob - 4 dager siden
Cassie - 4 dager siden
What is that for a Melody in the background? It's so nice.
pRASAd mUSIc - 4 dager siden
A few thousand years and this video will become "history"
I love this video! Thx for posting this Kurzgesagt - In a Nutshell!
Kylie Mosley
Kylie Mosley - 4 dager siden
Future archeologist: Ah yes! hmmm I wonder what they used this for... (toilet paper)
Me: ....
Zack Livestone
Zack Livestone - 4 dager siden
"Wheat domesticated us." - Yuval Noah Harari
Heidan - 3 dager siden
@Zack Livestone "Sapiens" change my life forever.
Zack Livestone
Zack Livestone - 3 dager siden
@Mathew Wang Few books really get you to step outside of a paradigm and question it that you didn't even know you were stuck in. Sapiens and Homo Deus are such books.
Mathew Wang
Mathew Wang - 3 dager siden
Ahh yes, that was a good book.
nathandrake26800 - 4 dager siden
SPOILER ALERT: In 12000 years, our ancestors (if they exist) will find that in the begenning of the 21 century we stupidly killed ourselves as a civilisation because we were enable to see the limits of our ressources and some people found it funny to add some zeros to their bank account by destroying the whole planet we live in.
H I - 4 dager siden
When the concept of God came into humans?
Daniel Moreira
Daniel Moreira - Dag siden
@Dawidek to be honest he asked a really good question. When the first religion was born? It's actually really interesting
H I - 3 dager siden
@Dawidek I will not criticize God. Because I do not believe in God
Dawidek - 4 dager siden
Hm Grraarrpffrzz
Hm Grraarrpffrzz - 4 dager siden
When humans started asking questions they had no good answers for.
o o
o o - 4 dager siden
This video is completely wrong and unscientific right from the first 35 seconds.
1. The longer humans live, the less children they have. Our population will not grow that much more.
2. On top of this, humans will not become an interplanetary species. We will eventually force evolution on ourselves with things like genetic engineering, biomechatronics, neural networks etc. Creating a new species beyond homosapien that can actually learn more and do more as well as live far longer. Humans will begin to go into decline and we will likely become bear extinct at some point.
This new super human will be leaps and bounds ahead of us technologically and we will be left in the wind. Like an animal on the side of the road. We'll see the advanced world around us. But we won't comprehend most of it.
drahosek - 4 dager siden
Why do people exchanged the freedom of living in nature for agriculture?
Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.
Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D. - 4 dager siden
*As a Harvard Neuroscientist, the wonders and achievements of the human mind are built upon abstractions of the sensory-motor interface, of which language has been the most foundational. I'll elaborate on that later but, first, let's take a trip back in evolutionary history.* Much of the evolutionarily older parts of our brain - aside from dealing with homeostatic control of internal states (e.g. heart rate, respiration, satiety, digestion, wake-sleep, hormonal flux) - are explicitly wired to receive real-time sensory inputs and transform them into adaptive motor outputs. Even invertebrates, such as worms and insects, have nervous systems that exquisitely fulfill these critical tasks. For vertebrates like us, our spinal cord, hindbrain, and midbrain are largely dedicated to these real-time sensorimotor transformations, in addition to autonomically regulating our internal states. This comprises much of the brains and functionalities of simpler vertebrates, such as fish and reptiles. The advent of mammals brought about an expansion of subcortex conferring more complex emotionality in the service of caregiving, and a cerebral cortex for more flexible learning & strategizing for solving problems. Our cats and dogs, of course, are endowed with these capacities. But even they lack the formidable human capacity to abstract and transcend the sensorimotor interface. Language is our most foundational abstraction of the sensorimotor landscape. We look at an object and associate it with an arbitrary label - a word - and construct arbitrary vocalizations and other abstract motor outputs (writing symbols and letters) in relation to the sensory stimulus (the physical object). In so doing, we are able to take these associations - words with objects - and build more and more associations upon them to make sense of the world. We first dichotomize the world of word-objects into big/small, light/dark, fast/slow, and good/bad. From there, we can categorize the constellation of word-objects into convenient bins for comparisons and interactions. Beyond space, we can perform the same abstraction with time by categorizing it, binning it, and even discretizing it into infinitesimal points in the service of calculus and elaborately precise computations. In so doing, we can make accurate predictions of the future for many purposes. Speaking of the future, and also the past, our ability to think outside of our current physical space and time is another key ingredient to our dominance over the rest of the animal kingdom. But all these human-specific wonders of our minds often go awry and undermine our optimal functionality. Yes, our cerebral endowments of hindsight and foresight expand our cognitive landscapes beyond the linear sensory-motor interface known as the present. But this often makes the present elusive, yet all the more vital to embrace. Otherwise, we're just living in the memories of our future selves. Consider getting present to the moment more often, which is still possible even if you need to reflect on the past or plan for the future. Do those activities in the present as well. It's where all your power lies. Vids coming soon.
Doxie Lain
Doxie Lain - 22 minutter siden
@Sw Gaming lol Sure. Our neurology gave us an innate system to deal with conceptualizing perception with memory of the past and predictions of the future. Hindsight and forethought, basically. I can quibble about the inherent binary schemata being a valid representation of reality, but the basic concept is that we are boot-strapped natural emergent AI.
Sw Gaming lol
Sw Gaming lol - Dag siden
Jesus Christ that’s a lot of reading can someone sum it up for me
Cloud Sephiroth
Cloud Sephiroth - 2 dager siden
@Zachary Brooks I read the whole thing and understood it just fine. Sorry to hear that you were too inept to do so. This is by far the best comment on this video. Also there was no flex. Just cool info and insights. You're simply projecting your insecurity my dude. I sincerely hope you feel better later on my man cause I can sense your deep hurt and sense of inferiority.
Zachary Brooks
Zachary Brooks - 3 dager siden
Typical Harvard guy trying to flex on the general populace. No one read that comment, and those who did were more confused.
Çınar ÖZPINAR - 3 dager siden
ProjectNovaBrand - 4 dager siden
I’m literally about to start from this playlist and watch all the Vidoes!! This is so fucking dope! The information is amazing whatever the marketing tatic it is great lol! Honestly I’m a guy in the couch and finding my life right now with your channel thank you!! 💙💪🏽
Lemons - 5 dager siden
Why am I crying happy tears when they show future generations talking about us as their ancestors
Rafał Kołodziejek
Rafał Kołodziejek - 5 dager siden
"We wish you a happy year 12,021 - And let's all hope that it will be less exciting than 12,020!"
عبود جيمز aboodgames I
Thank you ☺️💕💕😍
Goodnight Good
Goodnight Good - 5 dager siden
Pixel - 5 dager siden
I mean wouldn't future generations be living in it unless every single social media platform got completely nuked
Jacob daemonspudguy Tice
Jacob daemonspudguy Tice - 5 dager siden
I love how the first foods you mentioned were bread and beer. Definitely a German channel.
Jacob daemonspudguy Tice
Jacob daemonspudguy Tice - 5 dager siden
@bodoti qwiu what?
bodoti qwiu
bodoti qwiu - 5 dager siden
7:16 That's a good question, especially when the indigenous peoples of North and South America proved you could use the same knowledge to turn the whole ecosystem int
Ivan Krizan
Ivan Krizan - 5 dager siden
What is that for a Melody in the background? It's so nice.
Michael Odland
Michael Odland - 5 dager siden
Against the Grain: How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization
Jose Alvarado
Jose Alvarado - 5 dager siden
Can I get the calendar in latín América or only in anglosaxon world?
Jireh Choo
Jireh Choo - 5 dager siden
Kurzgesagt came from Infographics to 2-3D cinematics.
Kyle Ruiz
Kyle Ruiz - 5 dager siden
I like how you go from saying that we can’t see human history past 250 generations but then you say we’ve been on this earth for 12 million years.
giannis konteas
giannis konteas - 5 dager siden
This could be an introduction to yuval noah harrari sapiens!~
ÖlüyenYürü - 5 dager siden
GIANT DAD THE LEGEND - 5 dager siden
If only authoritarian regimes like turkey, china etc stopped causing so much problem in our world
@Daniel Moreira ...
Daniel Moreira
Daniel Moreira - Dag siden
What this has to do with anything?
Faran Ahmad
Faran Ahmad - 5 dager siden
They’ll analyse memes and tiktoks like blooming Shakespeare, not realising we only made them for a laugh 😂!
Pixta - 5 dager siden
Let’s all just appreciate that Kurzgesagt videos are just getting better and better.